40 Years of Change: 1975 to Today

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Since 1975 Australia has seen four decades of massive change – demographically, socially, economically, politically, globally, culturally and technologically.

In such an area it is important to not just observe the changes but to understand the trends and respond, so that we can thrive in these massive times of change.

In this video below Social Researcher and Demographer Mark McCrindle outlines these changes.

Australian population bigger and older

In 1975 the Builders generation was firmly in control, the Baby Boomers were emerging and Generation X were still kids. More than half of Australia’s population wasn’t born in 1975 and since then we’ve seen massive generational change. We’ve also seen massive population change. Back then Australia’s population was 13.7 million and today it’s almost 24 million people, an increase of more than 10 million in four decades.

In the 1970s, the average age of an Australian was in the late 20’s, while today it’s in the late 30’s, such has been the ageing of our population in that time.

Our life stages have also changed in the past 40 years. People were getting married in their early twenties back in the seventies, while now the median age of marriage is approaching the thirties, indicating great social change as well.

Earning more, costing more

Australians are also earning a lot more now than we were back then; the average full time earnings in 1975 was $7,600 per year, today the annual average earnings exceed $72,000 per annum.

And while we are earning more, costs are a lot more today than they were back then. The cost of a loaf of bread today is more than 10 times the price it was in 1975, while a litre of milk today is 3 times the cost it was 4 decades ago.

Four decades ago Sydney had the highest house cost, averaging $28,000 while today it exceeds $850,000. So while earnings have gone up, by almost tenfold, house prices have gone up by more than thirtyfold in that same period of time.

The year of the Dismissal and an end to the Vietnam War

1975 was a year of massive political change as well. The year began with Gough Whitlam as Australia’s Prime Minister, but it was the year of the Dismissal and so it ended with Malcom Fraser as Prime Minister.

Gerald Ford was the president of the United States and it was the year that the Vietnam War ended, a time of massive global change.

Jaws vs The Lego Movie

From a popular culture perspective it was quite a different era. We had harsher tastes back then perhaps because Jaws was the movie of the year compared to The Lego Movie of today. ACDC had the album of the year back then compared to Taylor Swift currently.

1970: The Beatles break up.

1972: M*A*S*H Show premieres.

1972: Terrorist attack at the Olympic Games in Munich.

1973: U.S pulls out of Vietnam.

1975: Pol Pot becomes the Communist Dictator of Cambodia and the Cambodian Genocide begins.

1975: Gough Whitlam is dismissed and Malcom Fraser elected.

1975: NBC's Saturday Night (later known as Saturday Night Live) debuts.

1976: Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States.

1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Great Britain.

1979: Mother Theresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1979: The World Health Organisation certifies the eradication of smallpox.

Popular Movies:

Technological advancements that changed the world

1970: Computer Floppy Disks are introduced.

1971: VCRs introduced.

1975: Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, who develop a BSIC program for the Microcomputer Altair 8800, and is released the same year.

1975: The world’s first digital camera is created by Steven Sasson and Kodak Company.

1975: The laser printer is invented.

1977: The first personal computers (PC) are introduced.

1979: Sony introduces the Walkman.

1979: Cell phones are invented.

The speed and impact of these changes remind us to not just observe the changes but to understand the changes and respond so that we can thrive in these times of massive change.

To find out more about how we can help your organisation remain relevant:

Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare

Last 150 Articles


#censusfail prince george census 2016 Cobbitty-Leppington professional speaker earn the average aussie innovation fears video qualitative research EFF economy emerging generations Education Future Forum school students NSW Crime Rates cica Skilling australia millionth communities unaffordable employers cold sydney metro townhouses Myth church Queensland goals winter blues study baby Western Australia mover and shaker neutral bay crime employmee urban living mccrindle research FPA builders earnings Hills Shire Council poor volunteer 1980 brand experience Australians balance poker master christmas investment Channel 7 Duchess of Cambridge responsive future proof cost digital DIY global data analyst fresh social researchers motivate World Water Day water SMART mccrindle in the media Christmas lunch employment mythbusters clothing personalities residents socialising Melbourne suburbs 2015 future of education NFP event research visualisation capital city visualisation social analysis Macquarie University graphs commuters social researcher small business names gen z presentations living social issues census fail mother's day friendship tv divorce work mates social impact winter shopper's pick menai couple gen alpha Geoff Brailey Christmas season bureau Engineering Manager CPI brand home owner world youth day bus tuesday trends sydneysiders McCrindle Speakers 2016 Northern Territory national crime rates Charlotte norwest easy rider recap case study Sydney keynote speaker define daily telegraph business index entrepreneurs of today youth unemployment education future entertainment dreaming politics DESTEL toys census victoria research relational royal influence speaker unemployment monarchy know the times baby name trends skills Bathburst authenticity buildings schools commute salary households conferences ACF jobs of the future product emerging technologies The ABC of XYZ spend media activity in the media workshop workplace culture twentyseventeen generations narcissism urban click financial planning greatness baby names report Generation Y ipswich communications sector land of the middle class home dessert typical australian renting personal growth consumerism SA research report purpose growth generation Z professional services society trends entrepreneur speakers pack dreams report retirement year 7 educhat FOMO litter healthy future census results society housing affordability gig economy market research Canberra huffington post Research Executive ferry money environment Births business performance careers priorities Christchurch technology moreton bay the australian dream housing market breakfast networking travel career list Kiwi work etiquette casual speakers The Daily Edition charity australian real estate culturally diverse pharmacies google 2014 social trends demographic transformations transport long weekend teleworking generation Netflix generation alpha curiosity Caregiver February 16 ethnography workforce renter of the future education cancelling plans rise of local Gen X 1975 emerging trends faux-cilising anzac keynote speaker megatrends shopping centre moderators guide TEDx cars global generations researcher divorce rate baby names equip choice workers social change earning rental stress panel sydney speaker royal baby aged care house generational trends innovative socialites donation housing energy REIV Conference Aussie government Australian Families apartments social lives middle class 10 years James Ward keynote Jura Coffee professional development investing internship office stats infographics faith increasing densification Res Vis sun 2012 live the dream award winner going out logan men school volunteering research on coffee McCridle income australians staying home more relevant high density media commentary insight leader challenge home ownership housing growth city Australian community trends cancelling event 24 million royal family eliane language mythbusting VET Tuesday Trends sunburnt country celebration low density NBRS Architecture 1968 australian communities forum debt annual income learner quote sentiments average sydneysider tips teachers vegemite future proofing omnibus trends analyst Wagga Wagga learning Australia Day 2017 trend tuesday Sydney holiday TAS medicine trades Do It Yourself focus groups supply and demand post rationalism Real Estate Institute of Victoria workplace communication TED christianity princess charlotte Aussies baby name predictions growing population infographic brisbane media not for profit research Sydney’s south west cloudy days owning a home mobile focus group mining boom apartment summer Christmas presents professional presenters schools students social commentary gender marriages speajer ideas Deaths pharmacy vegetarian youth TED talk population milestone plans donate baby boomers 2017 wage bondi culture research pack affordable learn internships Australian Home Financial Planning Association NBRS HSC story outsourcing pyrmont experience ACF2017 affordability community event life national private wealth Valentine’s Day children house price rise conference speaker wealth inequality nfp 23 million aussie culture showreel SMSF Work place mentor royal Andrew Duffin Real Estate sustainable 2013 trends of 2017 social media CBD gig food bank university young australians ashley mckenzie rising house prices paying to work optus my business awards Royals ACF17 google for education rain census data dare to dream "know the times" micro apartments social life high school national wealth Australian Communities Trends school satisfaction social shifts financial fears ashley fell Jura Australia professional publication ageing January 26th australian communities trends report teach VIC tattoos giving charities world jobs Australian communities eliane miles financial independence leadership dream teacher not for profit New South Wales data financial future wellbeing Assistant Store Manager new office capital cities mortgage ease of travel research data grandparents Northern Beaches Christian School proactive population map hello fresh hornsby ACF 2016 sunny days NT urban living index storytelling food insecurity organisations potts point public speaker Tuesday Trend Australian Census budget cancel plans local 1994 property price 2016 census results hunger NEETs housing trends sydney hills house price lifestyle group session micro ACT Report millenials program aged care puzzle WA interactive Wodonga TDE lalor park hopes crows nest ABS holidays 40 million intern organisational culture shbc goal sydney event data visualisation change father's day the lucky country hills shire perth VET sector impact belief happiness the great screenage tertiary education sector wide ACT house prices What is food insecurity? Australia street Kirsten Brewer easter acf15 Love Australian Trends Mount Annan-Currant Hill hobart population Northern Beaches changing face of sydney engagement public speaking New Zeland the hills future-proof education research not-for-profit the hills shire criminal staying in forum wolloomooloo wealth distribution infographic wall deloitte high density apartments research services economic train cultural diversity cost of living Adelaide System's Architect the changing face of hills entrepreneurial faux-ciliser coffee newspaper demographic forecasting trends of 2016 Australia Day woolworths participants snapshot kate middleton Financial Planning Week coffee lovers grave decision Territory teaching area Gen Y optimistic slideshare marrickville christian cartodb statistics rich repayments leadership workshop event students parenting South Australia Scouts follow demographic trends wages customer Australian Bureau of Statistics state global financial crisis darwin selfie Generation X volunteering data survey australian social research community presentation states 2016 census office space optus group engage local communities spirituality Tasmania cultural diveristy learning styles demographer faux-cilise staff visual results tableau social research social enquiry care support financial baby names australia report Research Director non profit social commentator Queensland: QLD weather population growth in depth interviews household resource offenders 24,000,000 future of shopping work-life family thought leadership IT Specialists employmer university degree news environmental scanning average Australian sports suburban living Wellington shifts investor women Financial Planning Association of Australia safe collaborative student chairty waverton consumer Willowdale wealth and income distribution Australian Dream demographics REIV National Conference geomapping mccrindle facts car finance village year 12 conference presentation Social Trend weekly earnings millennials futurist real manly high density living child care PSI families analysis tea English Word Up daily commute wealth and income overcast award debate marriage GPO domestic stay home baby name urban taskforce local community Channel Seven new york times Merry Christmas community engagement blaxland rule keeper identity Australian Population property communicate SRE ageing population wealth young people 2020 Australian demographics australian community trends report Hornsby Shire Council rent sydneysider thrive mateship business shopping meetings property market parents financial dreams demography sector wide study public holiday Population Clock New Zealand JOMO wedding marketing training insights office opening average aussie educated resilience Mark McCrindle suburb conference Vocational education social ultimo religion travelling survey design Sydney Hills Business Chamber future media release seasons collaboration Northern beaches Event screenage internet trend meals cooking alpha online events brands mccrindle tea baby boom australian education future report gold coast cash education sector online shopping future of work Australian schools volunteers food forecast sydneycity Elderslie-Harrington park friends contiki