2016 Census shows a growing, ageing, and more culturally diverse Australia

Tuesday, June 27, 2017
Source: The Australian Bureau of Statistics Infographic 

The Census results, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today, reveal a picture of a changing Australia. Our nation is larger, older, more culturally diverse and less religious than at any other time in history.

A nation of 24.6 million and growth of 8.8% since the 2011 Census

On Census night in 2016, 23.4 million individuals who normally live in Australia were counted – an 8.8% increase from 2011. This doesn’t include the 300,000 visitors, or the 600,000 Australians who were overseas at the time. As at 31 December 2016, the ABS estimates a total population of 24.4 million (and today it is 24.6 million).

While New South Wales (7.5 million) and Victoria (5.9 million) remain our largest states, the fastest growing states were the ACT (11.2% growth), followed by Victoria (10.7%) and Western Australia (10.5%).

Cities absorb most of Australia’s growth

Two thirds (67%) of our nation lives in Australia’s capital cities, which have grown twice as fast as the rest of Australia over the past five years (10.5% compared to 5.7% for the remainder of Australia).

Our biggest capital city remains Sydney (4.8 million) which has grown 9.8% in five years, while Melbourne (4.4 million) is not far behind and edging closer with 12.1% growth. Our fastest growing cities since 2011 have been Darwin (14% growth), Melbourne (12%) and Perth (12%).

Migration is the key growth driver, led by migrants from China and India

1.3 million new migrants from 180 nations have come to call Australia home since 2011, with most of them settling in Sydney and Melbourne. Of the more than 6 million migrants who call Australia home, 18% have arrived since the start of 2012.

China (191,000 migrants; 14.4% growth) and India (163,000 migrants; 12.3% growth) are the top places of birth for migrants since 2011. This is followed by migrants from the UK (8.3% growth), New Zealand (7.4% growth) and the Philippines (4.9% growth).

Nearly half of us are ‘first’ or ‘second’ generation Aussies

Migration has changed Australia’s cultural landscape. 26.3% of Australians are now born overseas (up from 24.6% in 2011). Australians are most likely to have had at least one parent born overseas (both parents Australian born has declined from 50.0% to 47.3%).

While most Australians (73%) speak only English at home, more than a fifth of Australians (21%) speak one of the 300 or more languages spoken across our nation. Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.2%), and Cantonese (1.2%) are the most commonly spoken languages.

The top places of birth of all Australians who were born outside of Australia are England (3.9%, down from 4.2% in 2011), New Zealand (constant at 2.2%), China (2.2%, up from 1.5% in 2011), India (1.9%, up from 1.4% in 2011) and the Philippines (1.0%, up from 0.8%). European migrants tend to be much older than Asian born migrants, who are more likely to have come in recent years and are therefore younger.

Not only growing, but ageing

Australia has developed a middle-age spread as our population is ageing. As the proportion of the population aged over 50 has grown, the child and teenage population as a proportion has decreased. Those aged 65+ now represent 16% of the population (up from 14% in 2011). In Tasmania, Australia’s oldest state, almost one in five residents are aged 65 or older. Since 2011, the median age of an Australian has increased from 37 to 38.

Rise in single households

Since 2011, family households have declined in their proportion of all households (71.3% down from 71.5%), while single parent households have risen (from 24.3% to 24.4%), along with group households (from 4.1% to 4.3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased

Almost 650,000 individuals of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin were recorded in the Census, comprising 2.8% of our population nationally. This is an increase of 18% since 2011 and a doubling since 1996. More than 3 in 5 of Australia’s recorded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lives in New South Wales (33%) and Queensland (29%).

‘No religion’ the largest category of religion for the first time

Australia remains a predominantly religious country, with 60% reporting religious affiliation. More than half of Australians affiliate with Christianity (52%, down from 61% in the 2011 Census) while those who adhere to other religions (8%) has remained constant.

Islam (2.6%, increasing from 2.2% in 2011), Buddhism (2.4%; decreasing from 2.5%), Hinduism (1.9%; increasing from 1.3%), Sikhism (0.5%; increasing from 0.3%), and Judaism (0.4%; decreasing from 0.5%) are Australia’s largest ‘other’ religions.

‘No religion’ is now the single largest religious affiliation at 29.6% (larger than the most prominent Christian affiliation of Catholic at 22.6%), up from 21.8% in 2011.

Growing cost of living pressures in capital cities

Average household weekly incomes increased by 16.5%, from $1,234 in 2011 to 1,438. However, over the same period, median weekly rents increased by 17.5% (from $285 to $335 today). Median rent is highest in Sydney ($440/week) and Darwin ($420/week).

The proportion of Australians renting has increased to 30.9% (up from 29.6% in 2011), while 34.5% own their home with a mortgage (down from 34.9%) and 31% own outright (down from 32.1%).

Median mortgage repayments are highest in Sydney, Darwin, and Canberra, where mortgage repayments are well over $2,000 per month. Perth, Sydney & Melbourne have the highest proportion of mortgage holders who spend more than 30% of their income on their mortgage.

More than 1 in 5 Sydneysiders face ‘rental stress’ or ‘mortgage stress’

The housing crisis is greatest in Australia’s largest city. 8% of Sydneysiders face mortgage stress (paying more than 30% of their pre-tax income on their mortgage), and a further 14% face rental stress (paying more than 30% of their income to the landlord). Combined, 22% of Sydneysiders face significant housing affordability challenges.

Car ownership up

The proportion of households with no motor vehicles declined from 8.6% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2016. The proportion of households with two or more vehicles increased from 52.6% to 54.3%. While internet connections from home have increased since 2011, 14.1% of Australian households still do not access the internet from their dwelling.

Contact

For media commentary from our media team, please contact Kimberley Linco – kim@mccrindle.com.au or 02 8824 3422

Census Update - In the media

Thursday, April 13, 2017

The Australian Census has been conducted every 5 years since 1911, and is the biggest democratic activity in Australia. While the election last year counted 14 million votes, the 2016 Census includes every household, age group, resident and visitor – all 24 million of us.

Here’s everything you need to know about the preliminary Census results, painting a picture of our changing nation.

WHO IS THE TYPICAL AUSSIE?

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

HOW IS AUSTRALIA CHANGING?

We are ageing

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016).

We are culturally diverse

Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas. In NSW, China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas and in VIC the top country for residents born overseas is India.

Owning a home outright is not as common anymore

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

McCrindle In the media

Mark McCrindle on The Daily Edition

Eliane Miles on SBS News

Mark McCrindle on Seven News

McCrindle In the media





Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

speakers pack Andrew Duffin daily commute Myth workplace culture GPO new office Tuesday Trends Retail facts hello fresh sector wide study poor royal baby news educated affordability not-for-profit baby boomers owning a home cash trades financial fears ACT Report infographic wall women living hills shire James Ward 40 million participants year 7 economy families CPI national crime rates easy rider australian communities trends report insight grave decision average Australian baby boom rental stress baby names trends of 2016 workplace McCrindle Speakers forecasting entrepreneur Black Friday in Australia educhat Elderslie-Harrington park 2016 census culture emerging generations home ownership research data generation Z customer trends of 2017 wealth distribution Queensland baby names australia report mccrindle tea census Sydney Hills Business Chamber social media neutral bay cultural diversity sydneysider deloitte visualisation marriages urban taskforce events child care transport students McCrindle Keynote Speakers CBD community event world youth day sydney metro Education Future Forum social commentary demographic transformations employmee cica work-life marketing Wagga Wagga parents local community WA dessert optimistic wedding real hornsby household New South Wales income pharmacy presentation public holiday Australian Communities Trends youth unemployment social researcher Australians micro apartments professional speaker wealth inequality demographer school satisfaction mccrindle couple bondi publication anzac princess charlotte socialites Australian Population 2017 10 years education sector baby name NT gold coast home micro investment narcissism education future relevant shbc digital economy consumerism impact conference keynote learning product data analyst IT Specialists darwin TEDx australian Geoff Brailey christian internship networking chairty Melbourne school not for profit research trends analyst suburb generation Assistant Store Manager NFP event visual live the dream SRE Christchurch year 12 New Zeland Financial Planning Week financial national wealth Kiwi conferences qualitative research mccrindle in the media sector wide community marrickville Adelaide Generation Y millenials Merry Christmas population map Real Estate Institute of Victoria huffington post average sydneysider professional services paying to work mateship spend mover and shaker leadership capital cities Duchess of Cambridge church business performance food bank Royals public transport the lucky country Christmas lunch rent employmer shopping local communities global social megatrends healthy future social analyst infographics careers TEDx Speaker moderators guide future proof easter identity friendship conference presentation media commentary urban charity ACT demographics shifts growth of sydney System's Architect rising house prices cancelling plans builders Financial Planning Association of Australia census fail waverton Population Clock 1968 volunteers omnibus Gen Y conference speaker tv shopping centre cartodb equip Western Australia Christmas presents personalities tertiary education Financial Planning Association baby name trends social shifts thrive capital city Australia street global retail care support SMSF financial planning 2016 census results mccrindle research Do It Yourself travelling teach World Water Day tuesday Mark McCrindle in the media meetings research services brand 2012 property market urban living VET sector personal growth Gen Z Expert manly trends home owner unemployment follow research mining boom households volunteering data presentations financial independence work collaboration Births the average aussie cultural diveristy Vocational education education research 2013 australians staying home more non profit apartment aged care house price rise future of education state 2014 ACF 2016 office ACF Northern beaches Event storytelling Maxim Accounting Tasmania sydney speaker screenagers Australian demographics student lifestyle DESTEL holidays program teaching monarchy Australian schools infographic lalor park fresh mobile demographic trends focus group faith rich 23 million 1975 business index future of shopping society global financial crisis earnings panel media release research on coffee summer housing growth Social Trend workforce ease of travel futurist supply and demand census data intern marriage unaffordable middle class in the media urban living index crows nest 1994 offenders names housing VET economic The ABC of XYZ newspaper FPA demography casual TDE generational trends quote happiness survey design data visualisation medicine Mount Annan-Currant Hill selfie brisbane charities cancel plans choice workers motivate hunger house prices employment wages recap plans technology Christmas season food insecurity award winner market research breakfast Willowdale vegetarian ABS australian communities forum mccrinlde thought leadership staying in the changing face of debt Performance Sentiment Index insights list Word Up Australia Day 2017 annual income sydney event ACF2017 cars optus my business awards volunteer Lower Hunter Region youth Cobbitty-Leppington growing population baby names report "know the times" Northern Beaches mythbusters religion earn PSI 2020 leadership workshop etiquette Australian Families train prince george REIV Conference politics cloudy days emerging technologies communities ashley mckenzie priorities Sydney culturally diverse sydney hills professional presenters TAS click giving university degree Kirsten Brewer townhouses water research pack hobart video case study Territory Sydney keynote speaker greatness sydneysiders future study population milestone dreaming wage high density living Queensland: QLD Wellington bureau housing affordability weather Res Vis contiki logan coffee lovers Northern Territory sunburnt country Aussies parenting office space employers organisations safe meals sports men showreel woolworths US litter the hills shire teachers Aussie relational pyrmont responsive graphs house price Gen X gig seasons award clothing volunteering tableau sustainable vegemite resource entrepreneurial challenge rise of local global generations learning styles 2016 FOMO teacher eliane miles tattoos curiosity going out SMART engage Engineering Manager resilience new york times report government commuting 1980 research report states dream family social issues Channel 7 rain socialising SA education christmas group aussie culture results online shopping Charlotte engagement potts point the hills who is generation z statistics school students growth future proofing financial future weekly earnings budget purpose Channel Seven research visualisation car blaxland 24 million pharmacies define Australian Bureau of Statistics VIC geomapping entertainment NBRS stay home Netflix ashley fell leader finance typical australian Northern Beaches Christian School Jura Coffee social trends wealth and income distribution brand experience average aussie spirituality Australian Trends gen alpha social impact New Zealand high school life property mentor population growth English australian community trends report slideshare gender sentiments repayments jobs of the future Crime Rates survey grandparents speajer village data sector australian social research perth screenage forecast affordable royal family outsourcing mortgage ethnography language stats skills cancelling event future of work Scouts criminal Jura Australia entrepreneurs of today social commentator debate NBRS Architecture ferry social analysis education future report energy mythbusting belief Macquarie University Hills Shire Council The Daily Edition internet learn post rationalism dare to dream cost crime Generation X area environment training Bathburst brands younger generations social change donation royal christianity rule keeper learner city cooking national private wealth shopper's pick social life communications What is food insecurity? norwest donate wellbeing jobs divorce work mates Mark McCrindle commute mother's day suburban living renter of the future daily telegraph royal influence Canberra ageing population Sydney population work from home bus 2015 trend the australian dream property price schools baby buildings Black Friday faux-cilising analysis NEETs suburbs goals winter blues speaker small business event McCridle hopes communication winter poker master speakers high density apartments menai experience Hunter Valley proactive Skilling twentyseventeen earning victoria authenticity kate middleton Lower Hunter wolloomooloo keynote speaker changing face of sydney teleworking Research Director ultimo Love McCrindle Speaker focus groups January 26th toys goal google for education balance social researchers celebration TED talk Deaths social research Australian Census retirement the great screenage story gen z innovative census 2016 NSW census results generation alpha collaborative cold nfp travel tips future-proof #censusfail EFF Hornsby Shire Council housing trends office opening millennials Black Friday Sales food low density TED moreton bay coffee world Work place renting HSC sunny days ageing environmental scanning tea career sydneycity media Valentine’s Day online local alpha forum house increasing densification change generations researcher overcast young people young australians trend tuesday sun commuters australia land of the middle class friends South Australia father's day Research Executive snapshot ipswich holiday gig economy business acf15 optus society trends long weekend REIV National Conference Wodonga Caregiver wealth investing 24,000,000 professional community engagement investor Australian Home professional development baby name predictions dreams digital millionth social lives internships money JOMO public speaker communicate consumer population schools students divorce rate interactive ACF17 February 16 fears public speaking apartments ideas Real Estate domestic residents social enquiry australian real estate in depth interviews emerging trends Sydney’s south west innovation Business analysis cost of living know the times faux-cilise salary Australian community trends not for profit university Australia Day google wealth and income aged care puzzle high density Tuesday Trend hills eliane staff Australian communities organisational culture faux-ciliser workshop children Australian Dream demographic group session media activity housing market financial dreams DIY

Archive