2016 Census shows a growing, ageing, and more culturally diverse Australia

Tuesday, June 27, 2017
Source: The Australian Bureau of Statistics Infographic 

The Census results, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today, reveal a picture of a changing Australia. Our nation is larger, older, more culturally diverse and less religious than at any other time in history.

A nation of 24.6 million and growth of 8.8% since the 2011 Census

On Census night in 2016, 23.4 million individuals who normally live in Australia were counted – an 8.8% increase from 2011. This doesn’t include the 300,000 visitors, or the 600,000 Australians who were overseas at the time. As at 31 December 2016, the ABS estimates a total population of 24.4 million (and today it is 24.6 million).

While New South Wales (7.5 million) and Victoria (5.9 million) remain our largest states, the fastest growing states were the ACT (11.2% growth), followed by Victoria (10.7%) and Western Australia (10.5%).

Cities absorb most of Australia’s growth

Two thirds (67%) of our nation lives in Australia’s capital cities, which have grown twice as fast as the rest of Australia over the past five years (10.5% compared to 5.7% for the remainder of Australia).

Our biggest capital city remains Sydney (4.8 million) which has grown 9.8% in five years, while Melbourne (4.4 million) is not far behind and edging closer with 12.1% growth. Our fastest growing cities since 2011 have been Darwin (14% growth), Melbourne (12%) and Perth (12%).

Migration is the key growth driver, led by migrants from China and India

1.3 million new migrants from 180 nations have come to call Australia home since 2011, with most of them settling in Sydney and Melbourne. Of the more than 6 million migrants who call Australia home, 18% have arrived since the start of 2012.

China (191,000 migrants; 14.4% growth) and India (163,000 migrants; 12.3% growth) are the top places of birth for migrants since 2011. This is followed by migrants from the UK (8.3% growth), New Zealand (7.4% growth) and the Philippines (4.9% growth).

Nearly half of us are ‘first’ or ‘second’ generation Aussies

Migration has changed Australia’s cultural landscape. 26.3% of Australians are now born overseas (up from 24.6% in 2011). Australians are most likely to have had at least one parent born overseas (both parents Australian born has declined from 50.0% to 47.3%).

While most Australians (73%) speak only English at home, more than a fifth of Australians (21%) speak one of the 300 or more languages spoken across our nation. Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.2%), and Cantonese (1.2%) are the most commonly spoken languages.

The top places of birth of all Australians who were born outside of Australia are England (3.9%, down from 4.2% in 2011), New Zealand (constant at 2.2%), China (2.2%, up from 1.5% in 2011), India (1.9%, up from 1.4% in 2011) and the Philippines (1.0%, up from 0.8%). European migrants tend to be much older than Asian born migrants, who are more likely to have come in recent years and are therefore younger.

Not only growing, but ageing

Australia has developed a middle-age spread as our population is ageing. As the proportion of the population aged over 50 has grown, the child and teenage population as a proportion has decreased. Those aged 65+ now represent 16% of the population (up from 14% in 2011). In Tasmania, Australia’s oldest state, almost one in five residents are aged 65 or older. Since 2011, the median age of an Australian has increased from 37 to 38.

Rise in single households

Since 2011, family households have declined in their proportion of all households (71.3% down from 71.5%), while single parent households have risen (from 24.3% to 24.4%), along with group households (from 4.1% to 4.3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased

Almost 650,000 individuals of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin were recorded in the Census, comprising 2.8% of our population nationally. This is an increase of 18% since 2011 and a doubling since 1996. More than 3 in 5 of Australia’s recorded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lives in New South Wales (33%) and Queensland (29%).

‘No religion’ the largest category of religion for the first time

Australia remains a predominantly religious country, with 60% reporting religious affiliation. More than half of Australians affiliate with Christianity (52%, down from 61% in the 2011 Census) while those who adhere to other religions (8%) has remained constant.

Islam (2.6%, increasing from 2.2% in 2011), Buddhism (2.4%; decreasing from 2.5%), Hinduism (1.9%; increasing from 1.3%), Sikhism (0.5%; increasing from 0.3%), and Judaism (0.4%; decreasing from 0.5%) are Australia’s largest ‘other’ religions.

‘No religion’ is now the single largest religious affiliation at 29.6% (larger than the most prominent Christian affiliation of Catholic at 22.6%), up from 21.8% in 2011.

Growing cost of living pressures in capital cities

Average household weekly incomes increased by 16.5%, from $1,234 in 2011 to 1,438. However, over the same period, median weekly rents increased by 17.5% (from $285 to $335 today). Median rent is highest in Sydney ($440/week) and Darwin ($420/week).

The proportion of Australians renting has increased to 30.9% (up from 29.6% in 2011), while 34.5% own their home with a mortgage (down from 34.9%) and 31% own outright (down from 32.1%).

Median mortgage repayments are highest in Sydney, Darwin, and Canberra, where mortgage repayments are well over $2,000 per month. Perth, Sydney & Melbourne have the highest proportion of mortgage holders who spend more than 30% of their income on their mortgage.

More than 1 in 5 Sydneysiders face ‘rental stress’ or ‘mortgage stress’

The housing crisis is greatest in Australia’s largest city. 8% of Sydneysiders face mortgage stress (paying more than 30% of their pre-tax income on their mortgage), and a further 14% face rental stress (paying more than 30% of their income to the landlord). Combined, 22% of Sydneysiders face significant housing affordability challenges.

Car ownership up

The proportion of households with no motor vehicles declined from 8.6% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2016. The proportion of households with two or more vehicles increased from 52.6% to 54.3%. While internet connections from home have increased since 2011, 14.1% of Australian households still do not access the internet from their dwelling.

Contact

For media commentary from our media team, please contact Kimberley Linco – kim@mccrindle.com.au or 02 8824 3422

Census Update - In the media

Thursday, April 13, 2017

The Australian Census has been conducted every 5 years since 1911, and is the biggest democratic activity in Australia. While the election last year counted 14 million votes, the 2016 Census includes every household, age group, resident and visitor – all 24 million of us.

Here’s everything you need to know about the preliminary Census results, painting a picture of our changing nation.

WHO IS THE TYPICAL AUSSIE?

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

HOW IS AUSTRALIA CHANGING?

We are ageing

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016).

We are culturally diverse

Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas. In NSW, China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas and in VIC the top country for residents born overseas is India.

Owning a home outright is not as common anymore

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

McCrindle In the media

Mark McCrindle on The Daily Edition

Eliane Miles on SBS News

Mark McCrindle on Seven News

McCrindle In the media





Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

collaborative innovation internet states mccrindle research home ferry typical australian australian social research overcast suburbs Gen Y Research Director renter of the future product cultural diversity home owner rent population alpha bondi Kirsten Brewer selfie shbc affordable gig small business event HSC Duchess of Cambridge year 7 optus my business awards TEDx statistics Real Estate Institute of Victoria spend trend tuesday communications healthy future McCrindle Speakers DIY Engineering Manager financial Assistant Store Manager children youth unemployment social change volunteering trends shifts the hills perth builders megatrends demographics future of work Christchurch urban taskforce shopping real parents Andrew Duffin high school Hornsby Shire Council future proofing news schools professional development sydney hills Sydney data visualisation sector wide shopper's pick friendship gen z etiquette baby Social Trend increasing densification clothing #censusfail research on coffee professional speaker cloudy days housing affordability choice workers low density media meals going out Channel Seven pharmacies click REIV National Conference google millennials engagement family national crime rates group wealth VIC 1994 education resource Australian Bureau of Statistics speakers pack future of education city geomapping generation Z apartments Do It Yourself generational trends google for education couple mother's day wellbeing earning seasons charity SA weather list jobs royal Australia Day 2017 logan affordability Australian Dream ABS criminal father's day world youth day dreaming debt average aussie speaker australia video workforce demographic transformations 10 years sunny days shopping centre wolloomooloo royal influence ultimo 24 million fresh public speaking interactive volunteers census data sydneysiders marriage school students christmas cartodb New Zealand live the dream belief Res Vis teaching IT Specialists WA jobs of the future trends of 2016 women focus group average sydneysider area australian moderators guide mythbusters housing growth royal family ageing population visual sydney event rising house prices casual communicate February 16 EFF brand experience leadership workshop baby boomers wealth and income distribution wealth distribution toys Research Executive post rationalism townhouses water new office Mark McCrindle data Deaths faux-cilising McCridle university micro work-life sunburnt country apartment emerging technologies national private wealth volunteer ideas religion focus groups Real Estate financial planning generation alpha house price stats Australian Trends Australian Census happiness manly Aussie Royals micro apartments internship state commute Scouts lalor park research Wodonga curiosity vegetarian Work place education future report prince george in depth interviews summer outsourcing Merry Christmas new york times workplace Cobbitty-Leppington participants social life faux-cilise organisations Territory financial fears research services facts forecast annual income Myth New Zeland norwest gen alpha suburb local presentations social analysis crime challenge responsive professional services emerging generations future proof skills charities ease of travel urban living index donate media release personal growth Australian demographics not for profit research SMSF keynote socialites staff wedding greatness Caregiver property market Hills Shire Council professional baby name predictions census results 2014 generations screenage cancelling event media activity the lucky country population milestone Geoff Brailey entrepreneurs of today the average aussie office opening trades demographer professional presenters buildings conferences potts point events community engagement Aussies results ACF 2016 collaboration The Daily Edition future Northern beaches Event entrepreneur sydneycity learning styles plans tertiary education FPA Financial Planning Association of Australia Australian Population mccrindle future of shopping experience housing Charlotte resilience survey design social media politics training Melbourne salary financial future social commentator menai change entertainment census keynote speaker offenders Sydney keynote speaker volunteering data christianity emerging trends TED conference presentation thought leadership Australian Families technology society trends suburban living travel Netflix ACF2017 identity GPO sector wide study Australian Communities Trends the changing face of Tasmania follow faux-ciliser socialising educhat finance baby name CPI national wealth social lives food insecurity financial independence consumer cooking innovative newspaper supply and demand Births language young people System's Architect dare to dream victoria January 26th deloitte education future careers employers housing market teachers unemployment holidays owning a home schools students anzac baby name trends kate middleton 2016 census research data data analyst education sector cold society analysis teleworking hello fresh 24,000,000 giving living Australian community trends NBRS staying in VET sector Vocational education engage office space teach demographic trends baby boom award winner divorce rate celebration networking ACF17 poor hornsby online community wealth inequality Canberra acf15 2015 home ownership market research researcher royal baby energy NSW ACF gold coast social researchers dessert South Australia career omnibus hobart employment church sydney speaker award domestic narcissism pyrmont the great screenage Queensland: QLD employmer parenting balance ashley fell changing face of sydney rental stress bureau lifestyle World Water Day litter millionth consumerism FOMO James Ward neutral bay infographics cancelling plans VET Christmas lunch Northern Beaches define TAS youth sydney metro aussie culture hunger social enquiry dream australian community trends report sun ACT communities personalities New South Wales Australia street 2016 census results qualitative research TED talk impact REIV Conference trends of 2017 cost of living ashley mckenzie blaxland gig economy capital city friends tattoos social research purpose renting infographic capital cities leadership contiki trend princess charlotte CBD demographic ageing ACT Report Tuesday Trends mccrindle tea winter blues environment tv meetings dreams spirituality "know the times" Australian communities Valentine’s Day Financial Planning Week cost huffington post relevant Willowdale sustainable tea families ethnography non profit christian year 12 local community Skilling Australian Home 40 million leader village Christmas presents teacher global financial crisis rain Adelaide brand education research long weekend optimistic marketing world care support internships urban living SRE research visualisation Western Australia transport income Jura Australia media commentary high density Jura Coffee entrepreneurial australian communities trends report generation customer online shopping holiday social trends Queensland workshop Word Up residents average Australian cancel plans visualisation thrive group session wages mythbusting authenticity weekly earnings demography NBRS Architecture wage students forecasting Financial Planning Association mentor mobile property goal forum equip gender marriages twentyseventeen mccrindle in the media 1975 census fail intern What is food insecurity? storytelling social researcher ipswich australian communities forum cultural diveristy earn debate 1968 Christmas season coffee lovers daily commute 1980 quote economy tips monarchy brisbane PSI future-proof Tuesday Trend JOMO food DESTEL 2017 insight presentation wealth and income study cash priorities the hills shire coffee house price rise English environmental scanning australians staying home more divorce business performance business showreel medicine life woolworths fears program community event stay home repayments pharmacy millenials learning eliane men know the times work Northern Beaches Christian School chairty Crime Rates faith money infographic wall train goals financial dreams economic local communities commuters hills shire university degree research report investment NEETs travelling in the media urban unaffordable Generation X office workplace culture donation Bathburst child care retirement Population Clock crows nest winter conference property price safe land of the middle class households global generations tableau mortgage 23 million sydneysider tuesday investor snapshot Sydney Hills Business Chamber growth investing sports hopes baby names grandparents high density living work mates NT eliane miles moreton bay cars business index Education Future Forum publication sector graphs 2016 communication trends analyst school earnings house employmee survey government brands public speaker case study Sydney’s south west speakers bus daily telegraph waverton car not-for-profit report research pack learn school satisfaction marrickville social shifts organisational culture Love motivate mover and shaker house prices SMART young australians conference speaker The ABC of XYZ easter high density apartments breakfast paying to work learner poker master insights educated census 2016 social aged care Gen X darwin cica futurist australian real estate Channel 7 story the australian dream Wagga Wagga not for profit sentiments rich Elderslie-Harrington park Northern Territory vegemite Kiwi slideshare social commentary aged care puzzle Australia Day recap baby names report mining boom panel population growth 2012 housing trends names rise of local middle class relational population map Australians culturally diverse growing population social impact budget hills culture student NFP event digital baby names australia report Macquarie University grave decision optus Mount Annan-Currant Hill public holiday global mateship rule keeper social issues Generation Y proactive 2013 easy rider speajer 2020 Wellington household TDE Australian schools food bank nfp

Archive