The Intergenerational Report

Monday, March 30, 2015

Earlier this month the Australian Government's Intergenerational Report was released, ‘outlining and assessing the long-term sustainability of current Government policies and how changes to Australia’s population size and age profile may impact on economic growth, workforce and public finances over the next 40 years’. (Aust Gov).

Social researchers and demographers Mark McCrindle and Claire Madden have given thought, analysis and media commentary on the report’s content, as well as implications this has for Australia moving forward.

Mark McCrindle on the Intergenerational report

Claire Madden on the Intergenerational report


1. Is increased immigration the answer to work participation shortages?

Currently, three fifths of our population increase is through migration with only two fifths from natural increase, so it’s already pretty high by historic levels. Also, migration doesn’t necessarily reduce the average age, since it is 37 for both an Australian and similarly a migrant coming in. So while increased migration meets the immediate workforce need, it will also add to the ageing population. Certainly it has been critical to Australia’s growth and will remain important into the future however it is just one part of the solution. The Intergenerational Report addresses the three P’s – population, productivity and participation. Participation refers to how the workforce can allow people to work later in life, as well as how workforce options and flexibility can build the participation of more young people and women. So apart from population factors, participation and productivity hold the key to future economic prosperity.

2. What jobs will help and pop up over time?

With the decline of manufacturing and the whole industrial base in Australia, there has always been talk of Australia moving to this knowledge economy and service jobs. I think from an older Australian perspective, if we do want to work through our 60s and 70s it is going to have to be in more technology-type roles rather than manual roles. But that’s part of the problem of the third P – productivity – we must ensure that we add the jobs to accommodate this and jobs that older people, students and others want to take up.

3. What does this mean for our cities?

Australia’s capital cities make up a significant proportion of Australia’s population. Because we are adding more than a million people every three years, we need to accommodate and plan for that – the infrastructure has to be there. People are not moving further and further out they are moving into the infill, into vertical communities. Infrastructure investment is critical to maintain the quality of life that Australians have come to expect.

4. Are intergenerational households set to increase?

Due to the increase in the cost of housing, we are going to see intergenerational households increase. Young people who can’t afford the $900,000 median house price in Sydney will be staying at home longer, as well as older Australians that don’t want to move into supported aged care, who will move back in with their families. So we are going to see a lot of change in household structures – where we are living and how we are living.

5. Will 2055 present a better experience of living in Sydney than today?

If you look at Sydney now it’s as good as it’s ever been. In fact the lifestyle is such that people are moving into the inner suburbs and we are seeing the renewal of areas that just a decade ago were not desirable. So I think we can find solutions. As this report says we do have to work, not harder – people don’t want to work longer or harder – but smarter. We’ve got to find some innovation skills and technology skills to solve the 21st century problems.

6. What challenges do Gen Y face in the wake of Australia’s Ageing Population?

It is certainly a challenge with the ageing population, the impact on government budgets, meeting the growing service demands, workforce shortages, leadership succession, wealth transfer and generational change. Keep in mind that the ageing of our population is a good news story. We are living longer, active later and able to work and contribute far more than any previous generation. But expectations will have to be managed. We have found in our research that some in Gen Y have a lifestyle expectation that they will be able to start their economic life in the manner which they have seen their parents finish theirs but such growth and gains are not always possible and should not be expected.

7. How does Gen Y’s situation differ from that of Gen X and the Baby Boomer generation?

The Baby Boomers certainly benefited from the post war boom, an increase in house worth and have had four decades of an economic boom. They’ve had stable economy and rising incomes over that time. And while we are at a point where the earnings have increased over the last couple of decades, wages have not kept up with the pace of house prices. So four decades ago the average earnings were $7600 in a year, while today it is around $72,000 so quite an increase, almost tenfold. But over that same period of time houses have increased by thirtyfold.

8. Considering the difficulty for Gen Y to become first home buyers, will we see a big preference shift among young Australians with regards to buying their first home?

The desire to buy a home is deep in the Aussie psyche, it’s the Aussie dream to have a place of your own but not necessarily a detached house with a backyard and a shed and a hills hoist. The Baby Boomers could pick up an average house in Sydney for $28,000 a couple of decades ago – now the average Sydney house price is over $850,000 so that is a dramatic change. Apart from the affordability challenge of such a home, there are changing lifestyles as well with new generations seeking not just a suburban life but an urban one, closer to public transport and more walkable communities. We are witnessing in Australia right now massive generational transitions.

A Snapshot of Career Practitioners in Australia

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Preparing young Australians for an ever-changing workforce is a growing challenge. Research released today by the Career Industry Council of Australia and McCrindle shows that over half of all career practitioners are working part time in their role. Of those, just 1 in 3 are able to devote the entirety of their time to career education and guidance.

Career practitioners increasingly under-resourced

What career professionals provide is key to getting young people into the workforce. When career practitioners are under resourced and time poor, this affects young Australians’ ability to enter the workforce.

Mark McCrindle, principal of McCrindle says, “Today’s school leavers are the most digitally supplied and globally connected generation in history but also have more post-school options to consider than any previous generation – they need help transitioning from education to participation. We know that school leavers today need life and career skills which can future-proof their employment in this changing, multi-career era and this is exactly what career practitioners provide.”


The top areas where career practitioners spend most or some of their time often involve things other than career counselling, such as subject selection:


Research shows 1 in 3 career practitioners are provided with less than $1000 annually to undertake career development activities across their entire school. 1 in 2 schools with a population of over 1000 students have less than $3 per student to spend on career education.


One in five unemployed Australians today is a teenager

These figures are especially of concern as 1 in 5 unemployed Australians today is a teenager.

290,000 young Australians aged 15 to 24 were categorised as unemployed in January 2015. The hardest hit were the 15 to 19 year olds, with the unemployment rate for this group hitting 20 per cent – a level not seen since the mid-1990s. Nearly 160,000 Australians aged 15 to 19 were unemployed in January, out of an overall pool of more than 780,000 unemployed.

“If we expect 15-19 year olds to be independent and resilient contributors to our society, it is important to provide them with quality career education programs whilst in school and give them access to high quality career advice, assisting them to make informed decisions about future study and work. This advice should come from qualified career advisers who meet the industry’s professional standards and have been registered by CICA,” says David Carney, CICA Executive Director.


Download the Infographic

Download the infographic which features the findings of a national survey conducted by CICA of 937 career practitioners working in schools across Australia.

For more information

For more information or media commentary, please contact Ashley McKenzie at McCrindle on 02 8824 3422 or ashley@mccrindle.com.au

How do Australians get to work? [in the media]

Wednesday, February 05, 2014

Mark McCrindleAustralia is growing by 300,000 cars each year and is currently home to 13.3 million registered passenger vehicles – an all-time record high.

Social researcher Mark McCrindle joins ABC’s News Breakfast to talk through the latest social analysis on transport and how Australians get to work.


9 in 10 Australians use a car for some purpose, and 7 in 10 Australians use a car to get to work. Just 1 in 10 Australians use some form of public transport to get to work.

When asked why Australians don’t use public transport, 54% say it’s because public transport options are not readily available to them. In fact, for 1 in 5 that do use public transport, they also use a car to access their bus or train stop.

These figures explain why Australians place such an emphasis on government tax dollars being spent on improving road systems rather than investing in public transport infrastructure.

The urban sprawl that has marked our cities is evident in these figures. Tune in to the segment as Mark discusses the latest social analysis:



ABC News Breakfast also takes an in-depth look at McCrindle's Getting to Work figures across the nation's capitals.

When comparing cities and regions, Sydney has 1.1 million drivers on the road, and while Melbourne has less commuters, it actually has more car drivers than Sydney.

Almost 40% of all female cyclists get to work in Melbourne.

Sydney has declined in the number of people taking passengers to work, whereas Hobart leads the charge with people dropping someone to work.

The Northern Territory is the place where people are more likely to walk to work than any other state or territory with 1 in 10 walking to work.

Queenslanders are most likely to use a motorcycle than any other city, and Canberra is also big in push bike riding.

Tune in to ABC reporters as they discuss how Sydney and Melbourne commuters compare in the way they get to work:



Skilled Migrant Increase: Aussies Too Posh for Menial Work [in the Media]

Thursday, January 16, 2014

Are Australians becoming too posh for their own good? A number of Australian industries are struggling to fill roles with local workers, resorting instead to a skilled migrant labour base.

Low skilled areas like meat manufacturing or fruit picking and growth areas like aged care and construction are industries in which many Australians are choosing not to work in. Instead, employers are increasingly looking to skilled overseas migrants to fill the gaps. 

The push from younger Australians towards more aspirational or professional roles is creating industries filled with many older Australian workers. Higher education is a popular option for young people, with 1 in 3 Australians in their late 20’s having a university degree. Today's Gen Y and Gen X employees are looking for career path and long term opportunities and, in most cases, are not satisfied with short term employment. 

Future planning is key with Australia leading most other OECD nations in population growth at 1.8% per year. Two thirds of Australia's population growth is from migration, with a further two thirds of this migration taking place through working visas. Long term planning in terms of public transport, hospitals and other infrastructure must be done in order for the country to adjust to the population growth caused by these migration patterns.

Mark McCrindle joins Natasha and James on Channel 10’s ‘Wake Up’ on the 14th of January to discuss the skilled migrant increase in Australia, the underlying causes leading to this population growth pattern, and what the government can do to ensure sustainability in the years ahead.

Who do Australians go to for Advice?

Wednesday, July 03, 2013

In fitting with the Australian culture, there is a down-to-earth 'fair-dinkum' attitude that influences who Australians trust. 

It’s the relational, more than the positional, aspects that determine who we would most likely take advice from. Such is the practical attitude that drives Australians – above all they look for experience and evidence in their advisors rather than power or position.


Where Australians go when seeking trusted advice


When choosing whom to trust for advice, Aussies are more likely to seek out a close friend, their doctor, a technical expert, an academic, and even their boss over a government leader. In fact, 1 in 4 Australians (26%) report that it is not at all likely that they would seek advice from government officials or regulators, whereas only 4% of Australians would avoid seeking advice from a close friend/family member or an experienced practitioner.

Australians receive advice from those they have a relational connection with, followed by those who have experience in a given subject matter, and those who have the skills and expertise to comment wisely. 2 in 3 Australians (67%) would be very or extremely likely to take advice from an experienced practitioner, with almost as many (64%) learning first and foremost from friends or relatives.


Most trusted when seeking advice:


    1. Family or friend 
    2. Experienced practitioner 
    3. Technical expert

Least trusted when seeking advice:


    1. Government official or regulator 
    2. CEO/Senior leader
    3. Not-for-profit body or assocation

Advice across the generations


The older the individual, the more likely they are to seek out the trusted advice of an experienced practitioner. While 62% of Gen Ys are very or extremely likely to seek out the advice of someone with experience in a field, this percentage rises to 66% for Gen Xs, 70% for Baby Boomers, and 81% for the Builder Generation.


For more information, download The Trust Report 2013


The Trust Report 2013: Who Australians Most Trust

Friday, June 28, 2013

While the confidence that Australians have in their politicians is at a low ebb, it’s not a lack of trust in what they do as much as why they do it and what they say that are the biggest issues.

A recent McCrindle Study surveying 568 Australians from June 12 to 20, 2013, gives insight on the latest perceptions held by Australians towards their political leaders.


Distrust caused by lack of truth and transparency


The largest percentage of Australians (47%) say that their main reason for distrust of public figures and national leaders is linked directly to a lack of truth and transparency. While distrust of priorities, such as focusing on short-term outcomes as opposed to working towards long-term community good is seen by 1 in 5 Australians (19%) as the main source of political distrust, Australians at large place a greater value on the truthfulness and honesty of their leaders. The motives of public figures and national leaders are also distrusted by Australians, with 1 in 5 (18%) sceptical that leaders are motivated by personal gain and benefits.


The truth blame of distrust greatest in Queensland and the ACT


When asked to give reason for their political distrust, Queenslanders and ACT residents had the highest percentage of respondents who blamed a lack of truth and transparency as the chief factor, with 55% of residents giving this response, compared to 47% of Australians nationally.


Gen Ys less likely to blame truth for distrust than Gen Xers and Baby Boomers


Generation Y, those aged between 19 and 33, have less suspicions about the truthfulness of politicians than do Gen Xers and Baby Boomers. Compared to the 54% of Baby Boomers and 46% of Gen Xers who stated that their main reason for political distrust is a lack of truth and transparencey, only 41% of Gen Ys were of the same opinion.


Most trusted leaders


When asked in an open-ended response to name the Australian public figure or national leader who they most trust, Australians named the following leaders, with size depicting a leader’s ranking. Tony Abbott and Kevin Rudd came out on top, tying for most trusted spot.

The Top 5 Most Trusted Leaders are as follows:

1. Tony Abbott (tie) 

1. Kevin Rudd (tie) 

3. Malcolm Turnbull 

4. Julia Gillard 

5. Quentin Bryce


Most respected leaders


When asking Australians to name the current political or national leader who they most respect, results are surprisingly similar, with Tony Abbott and Kevin Rudd again coming out on top and Julia Gillard and Malcolm Turnbull close behind: 

The Top 5 most respected leaders are as follows:

1. Tony Abbott

1. Kevin Rudd 

3. Julia Gillard

4.  Malcolm Turnbull 

5. Quentin Bryce (tie)

5. Joe Hockey (tie)


Most innovative thinkers


Innovative thinkers are able to produce change by modifying traditional established methods of operation and transforming them with new ideas and ingenuity. 

The top innovative thinkers on the Australian political leadership scene as voted by Australians are as follows:

1. Tony Abbott 

2. Malcolm Turnbull 

3.  Kevin Rudd

4. Dick Smith

5. Christine Milne


Are you curious to know who it is that we trust and how we perceive our national identity?

Download The Trust Report 2013. Click here to download the full report.


Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

environment Research Executive weather screenage crows nest identity menai social researcher group financial future Births households James Ward meetings tea collaborative suburban living entertainment national private wealth business Sydney omnibus sydneysider Australian demographics product Australian Census professional young australians renting define business index Tasmania australian communities trends report research services Word Up faux-cilise learning global the great screenage System's Architect growing population urban living index communities schools students criminal marriages paying to work apartment suburbs Real Estate Institute of Victoria sydney metro 23 million survey sunburnt country follow holidays Merry Christmas Deaths bus society trends annual income rental stress communicate rise of local in the media celebration non profit renter of the future low density anzac local communities housing trends rising house prices women healthy future sector wide study work mates blaxland life changing face of sydney youth Wagga Wagga population milestone geomapping socialising learn culture case study house prices goal Royals staff pharmacy 2016 CBD manly trends of 2016 trend tuesday "know the times" market research Australia Day 2017 aged care puzzle typical australian online shopping Research Director Australia Day New Zealand social change cica FPA urban taskforce debate conferences proactive hills demographics emerging trends engagement capital city news office space IT Specialists Australia street snapshot census 2016 publication Australian Home community event commuters sentiments recap couple teleworking research report leadership internships VET home owner demography CPI program social media commute resource the hills ashley fell mythbusters chairty English relevant Channel 7 newspaper faux-ciliser list results workforce wolloomooloo builders cash ACF17 The ABC of XYZ Macquarie University GPO pyrmont aged care community engagement Aussies winter blues shifts environmental scanning employment owning a home cold stay home teacher training economic mortgage earning the hills shire Sydney keynote speaker stats finance average sydneysider Financial Planning Association of Australia investment ultimo experience gen alpha WA wage census mining boom tips sustainable Myth Generation X TDE housing growth South Australia tertiary education year 7 Northern Territory baby names townhouses research visualisation professional development focus groups Vocational education demographic transformations Andrew Duffin social analysis communication salary hornsby SMSF professional services educated darwin Financial Planning Association brand forecast the average aussie tattoos internship 2020 school internet sydney hills media release university sports friends baby boom forecasting mentor marrickville goals data analyst visualisation water Canberra google social trends car baby names australia report demographer responsive food in depth interviews 10 years conference 2012 ferry waverton Work place Australians energy JOMO DIY potts point christianity HSC dream ipswich hobart urban living prince george sector wide NFP event population careers generation alpha 24,000,000 future of education office opening outsourcing narcissism the australian dream ease of travel university degree Social Trend consumerism Geoff Brailey royal influence communications customer dare to dream social issues mccrindle royal jobs of the future house price Education Future Forum organisations eliane Hornsby Shire Council christmas repayments marriage New South Wales cultural diversity meals speakers pack purpose rain Real Estate trends of 2017 researcher divorce workplace culture debt perth engage 1994 VET sector Australian Families Crime Rates data buildings baby name parenting insight social commentator home showreel leader future proofing networking Bathburst innovation school students socialites vegetarian personalities youth unemployment infographics easy rider area sun slideshare parents high school bondi cancelling event national wealth real Adelaide retirement not-for-profit generation average aussie schools suburb church ageing population facts Financial Planning Week seasons presentations australian communities forum eliane miles 2015 TED faith cooking cost Love wealth keynote names social commentary brand experience supply and demand study micro apartments 40 million innovative 1975 REIV National Conference Charlotte focus group research insights mccrindle in the media moderators guide quote ABS social enquiry education Kirsten Brewer conference presentation mccrindle tea January 26th education future demographic trends housing emerging generations poor wages VIC mobile visual 2013 long weekend wealth distribution plans trends analyst local capital cities urban Christmas lunch survey design NEETs Aussie Christmas presents thrive kate middleton easter DESTEL social norwest 1968 safe Assistant Store Manager state Melbourne panel hopes optus brisbane happiness millenials entrepreneurial society baby name trends rich poker master language affordable graphs educhat public speaking budget millennials bureau brands optus my business awards trends Wellington financial independence online Australian Population grave decision national crime rates shopping centre authenticity crime FOMO shopper's pick marketing social shifts teachers children princess charlotte unemployment work-life future of work research pack mover and shaker earnings Australian Trends teach offenders trend TAS affordability equip resilience etiquette dreaming greatness ACF charity australia neutral bay residents Engineering Manager NBRS Architecture volunteering data #censusfail baby name predictions local community culturally diverse analysis financial REIV Conference workplace 24 million financial fears McCrindle Speakers dessert apartments australian social research deloitte travelling increasing densification daily telegraph royal family business performance family income housing affordability contiki collaboration religion vegemite selfie village ACT faux-cilising alpha relational futurist skills cloudy days Western Australia 1980 know the times work mateship teaching fears litter Do It Yourself Mark McCrindle future of shopping living intern SMART house price rise events investing acf15 Territory logan optimistic award weekly earnings holiday census results EFF thought leadership future volunteers tableau cancelling plans workshop transport February 16 2016 census aussie culture education future report royal baby social life wellbeing average Australian earn australian millionth christian 2014 demographic digital ageing keynote speaker spirituality staying in Northern Beaches Christian School father's day Christchurch housing market economy population growth rule keeper cars volunteer Valentine’s Day ACF2017 not for profit Population Clock clothing population map 2017 conference speaker emerging technologies men future proof wealth and income distribution household divorce rate infographic wall storytelling Australian Dream ashley mckenzie student research data Generation Y property professional presenters media commentary PSI moreton bay overcast wedding Northern Beaches daily commute generational trends story Christmas season pharmacies NBRS 2016 census results small business TEDx ACF 2016 baby boomers Tuesday Trends belief Skilling curiosity cartodb education research speaker Queensland ethnography breakfast speakers NSW domestic motivate personal growth sydney event Gen X NT mythbusting change toys impact fresh jobs nfp Kiwi hello fresh new office generation Z politics data visualisation future-proof google for education social impact gold coast grandparents land of the middle class ideas education sector home ownership global financial crisis sunny days Australian schools social research friendship high density apartments australians staying home more Northern beaches Event census data travel World Water Day victoria New Zeland challenge hills shire woolworths shbc professional speaker financial dreams medicine interactive micro group session Duchess of Cambridge Res Vis students winter media activity lalor park media high density living The Daily Edition baby names report post rationalism TED talk Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian communities entrepreneurs of today learning styles learner career community new york times city coffee going out wealth and income property price cultural diveristy states shopping Scouts office spend sydneysiders gen z balance qualitative research technology families baby middle class investor public holiday monarchy presentation school satisfaction world public speaker property market Netflix gender world youth day Sydney Hills Business Chamber mccrindle research lifestyle year 12 leadership workshop global generations Australian community trends Queensland: QLD Channel Seven census fail trades tuesday Wodonga mother's day participants cancel plans forum train the changing face of megatrends sydneycity report statistics video child care sydney speaker event rent twentyseventeen Gen Y high density Caregiver young people SA generations click summer consumer Tuesday Trend house social researchers growth Hills Shire Council employers entrepreneur SRE Australian Communities Trends cost of living organisational culture huffington post unaffordable sector priorities award winner government tv infographic social lives

Archive