How to teach Gen Z to be Collaborative, Innovative and Responsive

Monday, February 06, 2017

When I was eight years old, my third-grade teacher, Ms. Calov, taught me to be an inquisitive learner. Through her contagious enthusiasm, she turned me from an ordinary kid who did only what was required, to a perceptive student who asked for more projects and always connected what I learned to the world around me.

The kinds of soft skills I learned from Ms. Calov are increasingly important for Gen Z, the generation cohort after millennials. To be prepared for the jobs of today and tomorrow, these students need to be collaborative, innovative and responsive to their environment. Here's a look at how today's teachers are fostering curiosity, creativity and other skills in their students, with help from technology.

- Mark McCrindle

Encouraging collaboration

School is no longer just a place to learn math, science and writing. It’s a place to learn interpersonal skills that will never become outdated—like how to collaborate, resolve conflict, clearly communicate ideas and teach others. Technology can encourage this kind of interaction. For example, since Gen Z is the first digital-native generation, teachers are asking students for help using technology and to show their peers how to use new tools. Students are working on group projects when they’re in separate physical locations, developing their ability to communicate through written feedback and explain the thinking behind their suggestions.

Encourage lifelong learning and innovative thinking

Teachers today are encouraging students to have a love of learning and adopt an entrepreneurial mindset, so they can adapt to new careers and industries. The average employee tenure in the U.S. is 4.2 years, a decline from 4.6 years two years prior. In Australia, we’re experiencing a similar effect where employees are staying in jobs for a shorter duration—the Australian average is three years. This means Gen Z will have 17 different jobs in their life, and they’ll need to continue to learn new skills and how to use new tools as they progress in their careers. By designing learning tasks that have a real-world application, teachers are engaging their students as problem finders and problem solvers—roles that are crucial in any job.

Foster an adaptive mindset that’s ready for change

As the economy shifts and new jobs like VR engineers and cognitive computer analysts emerge, the next generation will need to be able to learn quickly and connect the dots between related topics. To teach these skills, many teachers are “flipping” learning —asking students to reflect on global issues and synthesize information from videos, podcasts and written material, instead of simply assigning a chapter in a textbook.

Six decades later, I still remember Ms. Calov. Her inspiration reminds me of a Mother Teresa quote: “I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the waters to create many ripples.” Ms. Calov created many ripples by fostering a love of learning and empowering a community of learners. But with technology, every teacher can teach students lifelong skills to carry them through their careers.

Learn more by watching Mark’s recorded talk from Education on Air.

Eliane Miles speaks on NEETs in Australia

Monday, September 19, 2016

Analysis by Eliane Miles on new research released this week from the OECD highlights the challenge for young people entering their working years, particularly considering their transition from education.

While unemployment in Australia at just 5.6% is one of the lowest in the OECD, the number of Australian young people not in education, employment, or training (NEETs) has increased by 100,000 since the time prior to the Global Financial Crisis (2008), rising from 10.5% to 11.8% of all those aged 16 to 24 – comprising a total of 580,000 young people today.

The challenges affecting youth unemployment most often lie in a young person’s transition periods. It is normal for young people to spend some time out of education and work – in fact, 2 in 3 young people aged 16 to 24 will spend up to 3 months out of education and work – but the challenge becomes when this period of time becomes greater and the ‘relevance clock’ begins to tick. When 3 months eventuates into a year, or longer, this can lead to cycles of unemployment. Today, 1 in 5 young people aged 16 to 24 spend 12 months or more out of employment, education, or training, and it is these young people that will face the most significant challenges as they try to enter or re-enter the workforce.

The demographic realities play a significant risk factor in young people falling into a cycle of unemployment. 60% of NEETS are women, and while just 3% of young people are indigenous, this percentage rises to 10% among NEETs. There is also a strong correlation between low educational attainment and struggles in entering the workforce - 37% of students who leave school in Year 10 end up not being in education, employment, or training, compared with just 11% of those with a tertiary qualification.

Watch Eliane Miles on 7 News below:

240,000 young people looking for work

Young people out of work are often stereotyped as “slackers” but in fact 41% of NEETs (238,000) are actively looking for work but unable to find a job. Helping these young people find work needs to become a national priority and a focus needs to be given to their education to employment transition. Studies tell us that the key transition in a young person’s life is from learning to earning – from study to employment. If young people are not job ready, they should be directed to a course or traineeship that will help them get job-ready. Greater collaboration between actors (schools, VET providers, tertiary providers, employment services, childcare providers, and employers) is needed, along with a broader focus on not just higher education but vocational learning.

The remaining 59% who are inactive NEETS

Questions are then most often asked about inactive NEETs – the 40% of NEETs who say they would not like a job, and the 19% who would like a job but aren’t currently looking. What is it that has discouraged them or dissuaded them from entering the workforce?

Educationally, we are seeing a significant push towards tertiary educational attainment. A generation ago in 1986, more than half of all students left school in Year 10 with most going on to start work/vocational training. Today, 9 in 10 young people go on to complete Year 12, and the majority of these enter higher education. Nationally, however, 1 in 5 university students drop out in their first year of university, clearly not being ready for the task at hand or convinced of the choice they have made.

And while we are seeing an increase in university qualifications (our predictions estimate that 1 in 2 Gen Z will have a university qualification compared to 1 in 3 Gen Ys and 1 in 4 Gen Xs), we must keep in mind that everything is not just about higher education or STEM skills. It’s about developing a broad skills base that will continue to sustain Australia’s growing economic and demographic footprint.

Challenges in the skills sector

While the VET sector has seen a 50% increase in students placed in apprenticeships since the early 2000s, the sector is also subject to significant inefficiencies. Traineeship and apprenticeship completion rates are low, qualifications are hard to navigate, some federal funding for programs has been withdrawn, and employment service providers geographically only target 60% of NEETs, leaving 200,000 youth un-serviced by employment services.

The benefits of work are more than just economic

In conversations with young people, it serves us to be reminded that jobs do more good for all of us than just money. They provide a young person with a sense of independence, self-esteem, and social connection, as well as the ability to learn and stay future-proofed. The longer that young people stay out of employment, the more they are to lose connection and become social disenfranchised, leading to greater problems.

The challenge of entry will only accelerate

As we look ahead to the next 10-15 years of Australia’s job market, we estimate that 5.1 million of Australia’s jobs will become digitally disrupted. Today’s savvy school leaver is training themselves for jobs that don’t yet exist. The reality is that new jobs which will be created are more complex than the jobs they replace. If a young person is locked out of the workforce today, it is likely that they will face an even more difficult re-entry in years ahead as the skills required to fulfilk workforce demands increase.

The challenge of financial independence will also accelerate

Commonwealth funding will increasingly become tighter. The economy has natural limits, and supporting an ageing population base and those with disabilities is naturally a more pressing national priority than supporting those who can work but are choosing not to. It’s just a matter of time before government benefits to NEETs will dry up.

Having said that, it’s also important to remember that 25% of inactive NEETs and 41% of NEETs looking for work in fact have not received any government benefits to support them. For these young people, support has largely fallen back to the informal economy, with support provided by family members and friends.

The earnings challenge for today’s emerging generation

It is in fact more financially difficult to get ahead early in life than it once was. In the 1970s, for example, when many Baby Boomers graduated from university, the average graduate starting salary was equal to the average full time adult wage, while today the average graduate starting salary of $54,000 is $26,000 less than average full time annual earnings. Student debt is also higher than ever, with more than 1 in 3 (34%) registered debt agreements belonging to 25-34 year-olds, and the average university debt estimated to be around $28,000. Today’s young generations are actually beginning their earning years in more debt than we’ve seen before. Not to mention the multi-fold increase in the cost of housing – a generation ago the average Sydney house price was 5 times annual average earnings while today the average house price is 13 times the average annual full time earnings of $80,000.

Keeping it in perspective

If young people can continue to accelerate their learning, they’ll have greater chances of success. Just 11% of bachelor-degree educated young people are still looking for full time work within 4 months of completing their course, and the strength of Australia’s economy is creating positive opportunities for innovation and entrepreneurship for young people to place their stamp on Australia's future.


Eliane Miles is a social researcher, trends analyst and Director of Research at the internationally recognised McCrindle. As a data analyst she understands the power of big data to inform strategic direction. Managing research across multiple sectors and locations, she is well positioned to understand the mega trends transforming the workplace, household and consumer landscapes. Her expertise is in telling the story embedded in the data and communicating the insights in visual and practical ways.

From the key demographic transformations such as population growth and the ageing workforce to social trends such as changing household structures and emerging lifestyle expectations, from generational change to the impact of technology, Eliane delivers research based presentations dealing with the big global and national trends.

With academic qualifications in community engagement and postgraduate studies in international development and global health, Eliane brings robust, research-based content to her engaging presentations and consulting. As a social researcher, she has been interviewed on these topics on prominent television programs such as National Nine News and Today, as well as on radio and in online media.

To have Eliane Miles present to your organisation on Generation Z, the state of today’s education sector, or the future world of work, contact McCrindle at or call 02 8824 3422



OECD, Investing in Youth: Australia 2016

Graduate Careers Australia


Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare

Last 150 Articles


cancel plans organisations trends ACF data analyst presentation SMSF selfie greatness Bathburst sector wide faux-cilise relational educhat aussie culture careers supply and demand potts point Real Estate census results sydney event conference educated area employment charity "know the times" property price storytelling train meetings names Skilling training paying to work 1968 teacher house prices holidays women community event brisbane domestic marrickville recap student Tuesday Trends not-for-profit McCrindle Speakers high density living keynote tuesday eliane miles mover and shaker demographic EFF Myth future of work Mark McCrindle list capital city ease of travel woolworths low density mccrindle in the media award winner generation Z in depth interviews cancelling event public speaking New Zeland Caregiver internship outsourcing learn entrepreneur grave decision society trends NT aged care acf15 click TAS Hills Shire Council investor renting financial independence Channel 7 Geoff Brailey global financial crisis daily commute the hills shire trends of 2016 work belief research pack Education Future Forum ultimo CBD Australian Home speakers jobs global participants 1994 high density apartments video social trends schools Sydney keynote speaker affordability urban living schools students innovation February 16 lalor park engage housing affordability JOMO narcissism ageing population property market real curiosity volunteers PSI Engineering Manager environmental scanning entertainment pharmacy friends non profit define Work place families rule keeper trends analyst breakfast gender social issues Do It Yourself James Ward housing growth young australians Australian communities moreton bay google for education grandparents brand experience personal growth year 12 community christmas baby names report investment millionth norwest forum weekly earnings Canberra optus baby name predictions urban living index land of the middle class socialites cooking teach wealth distribution South Australia sydney hills Australian Families publication spirituality world socialising social shifts trades demographic trends proactive Australian demographics Adelaide offenders NSW panel resilience study Netflix career mortgage new office darwin workshop English The ABC of XYZ education local 2017 snapshot Merry Christmas ageing the australian dream Duchess of Cambridge twentyseventeen australians staying home more culturally diverse google neutral bay workplace culture #censusfail pharmacies post rationalism skills salary financial fears emerging trends thrive cost of living 2016 census Northern Beaches Christian School bus The Daily Edition apartment meals australian social research faux-cilising healthy future technology travel Scouts visual teleworking Research Executive Tasmania ACT average aussie the average aussie relevant dare to dream VIC event 24,000,000 society dream Financial Planning Week 2012 house price rise leader learner New South Wales rise of local weather cars lifestyle Real Estate Institute of Victoria Deaths goal couple public speaker program tips events New Zealand cartodb cloudy days high school demographic transformations home Financial Planning Association father's day Channel Seven commute TDE motivate resource mccrindle tea growing population crows nest communication population growth medicine youth trends of 2017 culture communities fears mentor trend going out bureau national wealth keynote speaker survey child care future proof SA wellbeing change christianity entrepreneurs of today fresh equip work mates home owner small business princess charlotte Gen X 23 million Andrew Duffin teachers menai financial future collaborative high density faith mythbusters wealth and income distribution 1975 professional services long weekend sydneycity property Wellington gold coast priorities young people online shopping kate middleton debt city public holiday FOMO perth Macquarie University teaching facts commuters sydneysiders award graphs business performance winter blues prince george mining boom cultural diversity marketing Australians sydney speaker Financial Planning Association of Australia dreaming Northern Beaches baby challenge Australian schools mother's day media activity safe earnings ideas politics visualisation parents insight baby names social researchers finance shopping sentiments huffington post renter of the future conference presentation wedding Population Clock social enquiry news group vegemite tertiary education repayments System's Architect Word Up retirement staff population milestone summer follow food house brands moderators guide budget gen alpha hobart group session slideshare capital cities middle class sustainable focus groups etiquette deloitte shifts DIY Christmas season population map the hills internet social analysis plans professional development the changing face of income baby boom winter conferences states Res Vis ABS global generations australian communities trends report demographer leadership crime sun water IT Specialists workforce GPO business changing face of sydney Northern Territory easy rider hills shire Aussies poker master Assistant Store Manager DESTEL education future report Wagga Wagga focus group royal influence Hornsby Shire Council townhouses mythbusting students home ownership future of education mobile happiness 2016 census results vegetarian criminal researcher engagement qualitative research case study wages identity ipswich brand car Australian Bureau of Statistics online unaffordable data christian 40 million environment friendship consumer Sydney Hills Business Chamber stay home annual income ashley fell village emerging technologies parenting university degree life national private wealth 2013 education future school satisfaction Love statistics royal baby Christmas lunch travelling geomapping conference speaker Australian Census clothing NEETs thought leadership Valentine’s Day easter forecast rental stress wealth and income Royals research report rising house prices pyrmont households Queensland: QLD social media aged care puzzle leadership workshop Christmas presents internships organisational culture alpha divorce rate baby name sector consumerism sunburnt country ACF 2016 seasons know the times suburban living earning emerging generations story REIV National Conference insights hornsby Sydney faux-ciliser nfp wage census 2016 tattoos innovative children Australia Day transport market research economy data visualisation Northern beaches Event baby name trends cancelling plans royal family owning a home new york times cash employers learning styles divorce men Crime Rates VET sector wolloomooloo research data quote communicate generation media commentary Christchurch business index Australia Day 2017 sydney metro hello fresh school newspaper trend tuesday megatrends presentations survey design sports Australian Trends Territory sector wide study future proofing tv religion staying in community engagement intern world youth day contiki ferry affordable cost language futurist media rain baby names australia report housing market REIV Conference jobs of the future royal unemployment optus my business awards victoria optimistic suburbs media release social researcher investing daily telegraph Western Australia omnibus stats family house price builders Gen Y work-life ethnography Australian Communities Trends networking 24 million church Queensland Social Trend overcast Melbourne shbc January 26th entrepreneurial Tuesday Trend Generation Y waverton social impact millenials infographic manly collaboration energy living census fail VET personalities Australian Dream workplace future-proof tea Charlotte future housing trends holiday office opening debate ashley mckenzie monarchy celebration blaxland mateship learning gen z experience growth census anzac customer research national crime rates Vocational education rich Aussie toys professional rent year 7 social analysis residents forecasting professional speaker australian communities forum university balance office space research services authenticity goals 2015 mccrindle 2016 poor eliane increasing densification marriage logan baby boomers social commentary financial dreams tableau not for profit HSC shopper's pick bondi Births responsive hopes financial cold 2014 generation alpha generations millennials economic communications population Australian Population 1980 typical australian Generation X FPA Kiwi digital 2020 social change NBRS Kirsten Brewer coffee infographic wall social research school students dessert local communities demographics suburb 10 years mccrindle research NBRS Architecture australia interactive generational trends social commentator research visualisation buildings sunny days urban taskforce in the media SMART WA education sector earn spend wealth education research product social life World Water Day government housing social lives Wodonga litter marriages household urban report state office results youth unemployment