2016 Census shows a growing, ageing, and more culturally diverse Australia

Tuesday, June 27, 2017
Source: The Australian Bureau of Statistics Infographic 

The Census results, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today, reveal a picture of a changing Australia. Our nation is larger, older, more culturally diverse and less religious than at any other time in history.

A nation of 24.6 million and growth of 8.8% since the 2011 Census

On Census night in 2016, 23.4 million individuals who normally live in Australia were counted – an 8.8% increase from 2011. This doesn’t include the 300,000 visitors, or the 600,000 Australians who were overseas at the time. As at 31 December 2016, the ABS estimates a total population of 24.4 million (and today it is 24.6 million).

While New South Wales (7.5 million) and Victoria (5.9 million) remain our largest states, the fastest growing states were the ACT (11.2% growth), followed by Victoria (10.7%) and Western Australia (10.5%).

Cities absorb most of Australia’s growth

Two thirds (67%) of our nation lives in Australia’s capital cities, which have grown twice as fast as the rest of Australia over the past five years (10.5% compared to 5.7% for the remainder of Australia).

Our biggest capital city remains Sydney (4.8 million) which has grown 9.8% in five years, while Melbourne (4.4 million) is not far behind and edging closer with 12.1% growth. Our fastest growing cities since 2011 have been Darwin (14% growth), Melbourne (12%) and Perth (12%).

Migration is the key growth driver, led by migrants from China and India

1.3 million new migrants from 180 nations have come to call Australia home since 2011, with most of them settling in Sydney and Melbourne. Of the more than 6 million migrants who call Australia home, 18% have arrived since the start of 2012.

China (191,000 migrants; 14.4% growth) and India (163,000 migrants; 12.3% growth) are the top places of birth for migrants since 2011. This is followed by migrants from the UK (8.3% growth), New Zealand (7.4% growth) and the Philippines (4.9% growth).

Nearly half of us are ‘first’ or ‘second’ generation Aussies

Migration has changed Australia’s cultural landscape. 26.3% of Australians are now born overseas (up from 24.6% in 2011). Australians are most likely to have had at least one parent born overseas (both parents Australian born has declined from 50.0% to 47.3%).

While most Australians (73%) speak only English at home, more than a fifth of Australians (21%) speak one of the 300 or more languages spoken across our nation. Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.2%), and Cantonese (1.2%) are the most commonly spoken languages.

The top places of birth of all Australians who were born outside of Australia are England (3.9%, down from 4.2% in 2011), New Zealand (constant at 2.2%), China (2.2%, up from 1.5% in 2011), India (1.9%, up from 1.4% in 2011) and the Philippines (1.0%, up from 0.8%). European migrants tend to be much older than Asian born migrants, who are more likely to have come in recent years and are therefore younger.

Not only growing, but ageing

Australia has developed a middle-age spread as our population is ageing. As the proportion of the population aged over 50 has grown, the child and teenage population as a proportion has decreased. Those aged 65+ now represent 16% of the population (up from 14% in 2011). In Tasmania, Australia’s oldest state, almost one in five residents are aged 65 or older. Since 2011, the median age of an Australian has increased from 37 to 38.

Rise in single households

Since 2011, family households have declined in their proportion of all households (71.3% down from 71.5%), while single parent households have risen (from 24.3% to 24.4%), along with group households (from 4.1% to 4.3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased

Almost 650,000 individuals of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin were recorded in the Census, comprising 2.8% of our population nationally. This is an increase of 18% since 2011 and a doubling since 1996. More than 3 in 5 of Australia’s recorded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lives in New South Wales (33%) and Queensland (29%).

‘No religion’ the largest category of religion for the first time

Australia remains a predominantly religious country, with 60% reporting religious affiliation. More than half of Australians affiliate with Christianity (52%, down from 61% in the 2011 Census) while those who adhere to other religions (8%) has remained constant.

Islam (2.6%, increasing from 2.2% in 2011), Buddhism (2.4%; decreasing from 2.5%), Hinduism (1.9%; increasing from 1.3%), Sikhism (0.5%; increasing from 0.3%), and Judaism (0.4%; decreasing from 0.5%) are Australia’s largest ‘other’ religions.

‘No religion’ is now the single largest religious affiliation at 29.6% (larger than the most prominent Christian affiliation of Catholic at 22.6%), up from 21.8% in 2011.

Growing cost of living pressures in capital cities

Average household weekly incomes increased by 16.5%, from $1,234 in 2011 to 1,438. However, over the same period, median weekly rents increased by 17.5% (from $285 to $335 today). Median rent is highest in Sydney ($440/week) and Darwin ($420/week).

The proportion of Australians renting has increased to 30.9% (up from 29.6% in 2011), while 34.5% own their home with a mortgage (down from 34.9%) and 31% own outright (down from 32.1%).

Median mortgage repayments are highest in Sydney, Darwin, and Canberra, where mortgage repayments are well over $2,000 per month. Perth, Sydney & Melbourne have the highest proportion of mortgage holders who spend more than 30% of their income on their mortgage.

More than 1 in 5 Sydneysiders face ‘rental stress’ or ‘mortgage stress’

The housing crisis is greatest in Australia’s largest city. 8% of Sydneysiders face mortgage stress (paying more than 30% of their pre-tax income on their mortgage), and a further 14% face rental stress (paying more than 30% of their income to the landlord). Combined, 22% of Sydneysiders face significant housing affordability challenges.

Car ownership up

The proportion of households with no motor vehicles declined from 8.6% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2016. The proportion of households with two or more vehicles increased from 52.6% to 54.3%. While internet connections from home have increased since 2011, 14.1% of Australian households still do not access the internet from their dwelling.

Contact

For media commentary from our media team, please contact Kimberley Linco – kim@mccrindle.com.au or 02 8824 3422

Census Update - In the media

Thursday, April 13, 2017

The Australian Census has been conducted every 5 years since 1911, and is the biggest democratic activity in Australia. While the election last year counted 14 million votes, the 2016 Census includes every household, age group, resident and visitor – all 24 million of us.

Here’s everything you need to know about the preliminary Census results, painting a picture of our changing nation.

WHO IS THE TYPICAL AUSSIE?

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

HOW IS AUSTRALIA CHANGING?

We are ageing

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016).

We are culturally diverse

Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas. In NSW, China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas and in VIC the top country for residents born overseas is India.

Owning a home outright is not as common anymore

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

McCrindle In the media

Mark McCrindle on The Daily Edition

Eliane Miles on SBS News

Mark McCrindle on Seven News

McCrindle In the media





Latest Census Results: The 'Typical Aussie'

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

As demographers and social researchers there are a few calendar events that cause for celebration. Among them include population milestones, special data set releases and, of course, the Census.

The preliminary results from the 2016 Census, released this morning, show a picture of a changing Australia. 

We now have a clearer picture of the ‘typical’ Australian

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

We also have a picture of a changing Australia

Evidence of an ageing Australia

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016). The median age is varied across Australia, with the youngest median age found in the NT (34) while the oldest median age is found in Tasmania (42).

Cultural Diversity – Growth in non-Anglo country of birth

  • Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas.
  • In NSW: China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas, surpassing England since the 2011 Census.
  • In VIC: The top country for residents born overseas is India, which has surpassed England since the 2011 Census. A decade ago (2006) the top countries of birth for residents born overseas didn’t include India (They were England, Italy, New Zealand and Vietnam).

Housing affordability and home ownership

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

Was #censusfail real?

No – despite some hiccups on 9 August 2016, the numbers show that the data is robust and up to the best-practice quality of previous census'.

  • 96% of Australians completed the Census (just slightly lower than in 2011, and higher than the required 93% for census quality data).
  • Just 11,000 refused to fill out the Census (lower than 13,000 who refused in 2011).
  • 58% completed the Census online (against an expected 65%) – yet this is twice the number from 2011

What's next?

Today's snapshot is just the start of the Census data release. On June 27, the official Census datasets will be released, with further data coming out in July, October and the final data to be released in early 2018.

The good news is that after discussions to relegate the Census to every ten years, the once-every-five-year Census is here to stay..
So it will all be on again on Tuesday 10 August 2021!


For any media enquiries please contact Kimberley Linco at kim@mccrindle.com.au, or call our offices on +61 2 8824 3422.



Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

student debt Australia street South Australia census data wages buildings nfp generations VIC wealth and income family socialising Aussies house prices Caregiver Northern Beaches Christian School new york times cancelling plans capital cities meals Population Clock Tuesday Trends daily telegraph qualitative research communities entrepreneurs of today trends woolworths mother's day The ABC of XYZ authenticity communication conferences hello fresh emerging technologies economic goal mccrindle tea digital earning Australian schools training suburbs commute Word Up visual SMSF Kiwi cancelling event demography careers dare to dream stats urban taskforce Melbourne in depth interviews product students Netflix entertainment know the times staying in potts point huffington post chairty click winter faux-ciliser wage 2014 goals optimistic cars holidays communicate property market anzac population growth innovative Work place staff challenge hills work 1968 gold coast financial independence shifts interactive professional presenters 2017 business performance eliane miles sector entrepreneurial acf15 salary home owner Australian Population newspaper housing trends professional development victoria brisbane news culturally diverse New South Wales generation Z megatrends real trades CPI volunteering data survey conference professional speaker Channel Seven life video schools 2020 commuters Real Estate easy rider royal teleworking Scouts social overcast norwest environmental scanning wealth distribution intern house price paying to work list micro online shopping social researcher baby February 16 work mates average aussie poor education future resilience organisations socialites Financial Planning Week census 24 million weather young australians belief future child care thought leadership leader renting Mark McCrindle etiquette researcher Assistant Store Manager wolloomooloo christianity pharmacy ethnography social lives church TAS medicine home Education Future Forum income 2016 census results Myth TEDx economy faith australian communities trends report data analyst lalor park apartment presentations social analysis research report mccrindle research infographic wall demographer names employment public speaker greatness shopping cultural diveristy ferry property price annual income events youth unemployment ipswich urban living index future of shopping future-proof faux-cilise rental stress blaxland relational VET sector Crime Rates friendship Australians young people travelling customer spirituality school google ultimo millennials household Sydney keynote speaker professional services crows nest population keynote workshop investing NSW moderators guide teacher hills shire 24,000,000 forecasting ashley fell rule keeper TED talk social trends ABS capital city fears australian communities forum Research Director business index demographic transformations futurist Northern Territory holiday research pack networking poker master village tea friends grave decision Vocational education population milestone school students hobart survey design bureau tertiary education presentation waverton fresh thrive trends analyst internship group session IT Specialists story weekly earnings ageing sydney speaker property baby name sports responsive eliane optus my business awards budget politics rain government sector wide study families brand transport 1975 NT New Zeland public speaking national wealth seasons demographic trends neutral bay Australian Dream Sydney facts new office mobile relevant Adelaide stay home twentyseventeen Australian Home bondi alpha Christmas presents skills sentiments Valentine’s Day cost world youth day JOMO faux-cilising Northern Beaches aussie culture HSC demographic Royals sydney hills Social Trend James Ward Gen Y public holiday Geoff Brailey personalities REIV National Conference Hornsby Shire Council Engineering Manager cash car tv cloudy days Australian Bureau of Statistics builders toys business healthy future Australian communities university degree easter Wodonga social change curiosity identity group cold GPO 23 million not for profit charity social enquiry baby names trend tuesday future of education trends of 2016 screenage royal influence recap teachers safe baby name trends Wellington investor townhouses land of the middle class deloitte post rationalism divorce social impact Aussie Tasmania language the great screenage population map TED marriage low density Territory year 7 educated rise of local train Northern beaches Event contiki Tuesday Trend repayments educhat engagement local darwin mortgage trend 2012 sunburnt country infographics employers insight panel innovation engage forecast australians staying home more plans monarchy sunny days REIV Conference leadership high density baby boomers urban living logan social issues teach organisational culture travel millenials christmas internships snapshot father's day workplace World Water Day Queensland: QLD Australia Day 2017 house price rise proactive Australia Day Gen X financial visualisation sustainable domestic rising house prices 2013 tableau learning styles TDE food office opening future proofing generational trends equip university English Research Executive Financial Planning Association SMART resource house social researchers suburban living social research SA experience education research growth suburb rent New Zealand learner define career mccrindle in the media collaboration local community community water media activity earn going out participants speaker #censusfail growing population national crime rates purpose wedding meetings small business city consumer marriages jobs of the future typical australian high density apartments keynote speaker market research insights award NFP event event gen alpha mover and shaker leadership workshop impact infographic slideshare crime lifestyle mining boom year 12 energy trends of 2017 high school aged care puzzle Australian Families learning Hills Shire Council google for education selfie "know the times" 2015 brand experience financial fears micro apartments data summer ashley mckenzie high density living marketing couple ACF education future report ACF 2016 christian environment grandparents Births millionth owning a home dreaming research non profit sydneycity The Daily Edition future proof results workplace culture aged care unemployment geomapping investment winter blues Channel 7 speakers shopper's pick culture study Christmas lunch sector wide census fail ideas optus urban vegemite dream increasing densification menai data visualisation Australian Communities Trends 40 million school satisfaction baby names report personal growth happiness tips royal family men 2016 census generation alpha kate middleton outsourcing Res Vis the hills residents housing market affordable NBRS australian ACF2017 Love demographics living the hills shire program SRE debate housing FOMO January 26th youth renter of the future balance consumerism conference speaker baby names australia report Christmas season cooking media commentary Generation Y affordability supply and demand communications unaffordable Western Australia FPA royal baby coffee ease of travel internet Bathburst marrickville collaborative WA volunteers Do It Yourself social commentary office space australian social research religion change rich ACT case study not-for-profit financial dreams brands omnibus Macquarie University vegetarian work-life census results 1994 children the average aussie statistics VET media global generations quote Australian demographics forum DESTEL baby name predictions online 2016 global celebration shopping centre world Christchurch mentor housing growth average sydneysider in the media women gen z states generation sydneysiders retirement narcissism graphs litter Merry Christmas cica emerging generations perth offenders Duchess of Cambridge housing affordability mythbusters schools students divorce rate pharmacies area mateship wellbeing focus groups teaching census 2016 state community event 10 years professional changing face of sydney cultural diversity pyrmont dessert mccrindle NEETs volunteer middle class research visualisation speakers pack social media breakfast cartodb sun home ownership ACF17 office Canberra Queensland manly the australian dream bus baby boom national private wealth daily commute 1980 Andrew Duffin Financial Planning Association of Australia research services follow McCrindle Speakers criminal emerging trends community engagement wealth and income distribution society trends Australian Census motivate PSI Australian community trends sydneysider tuesday research data System's Architect showreel cost of living shbc Generation X DIY report social shifts hornsby Deaths Kirsten Brewer technology tattoos parenting mythbusting Sydney Hills Business Chamber social life finance earnings priorities apartments moreton bay prince george sydney event learn Australian Trends spend education Wagga Wagga CBD sydney metro Real Estate Institute of Victoria entrepreneur focus group NBRS Architecture workforce society cancel plans parents local communities financial future education sector storytelling gender clothing jobs households publication wealth Charlotte Skilling future of work princess charlotte media release australia hopes analysis long weekend EFF average Australian conference presentation ageing population award winner social commentator global financial crisis the changing face of

Archive