2016 Census shows a growing, ageing, and more culturally diverse Australia

Tuesday, June 27, 2017
Source: The Australian Bureau of Statistics Infographic 

The Census results, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today, reveal a picture of a changing Australia. Our nation is larger, older, more culturally diverse and less religious than at any other time in history.

A nation of 24.6 million and growth of 8.8% since the 2011 Census

On Census night in 2016, 23.4 million individuals who normally live in Australia were counted – an 8.8% increase from 2011. This doesn’t include the 300,000 visitors, or the 600,000 Australians who were overseas at the time. As at 31 December 2016, the ABS estimates a total population of 24.4 million (and today it is 24.6 million).

While New South Wales (7.5 million) and Victoria (5.9 million) remain our largest states, the fastest growing states were the ACT (11.2% growth), followed by Victoria (10.7%) and Western Australia (10.5%).

Cities absorb most of Australia’s growth

Two thirds (67%) of our nation lives in Australia’s capital cities, which have grown twice as fast as the rest of Australia over the past five years (10.5% compared to 5.7% for the remainder of Australia).

Our biggest capital city remains Sydney (4.8 million) which has grown 9.8% in five years, while Melbourne (4.4 million) is not far behind and edging closer with 12.1% growth. Our fastest growing cities since 2011 have been Darwin (14% growth), Melbourne (12%) and Perth (12%).

Migration is the key growth driver, led by migrants from China and India

1.3 million new migrants from 180 nations have come to call Australia home since 2011, with most of them settling in Sydney and Melbourne. Of the more than 6 million migrants who call Australia home, 18% have arrived since the start of 2012.

China (191,000 migrants; 14.4% growth) and India (163,000 migrants; 12.3% growth) are the top places of birth for migrants since 2011. This is followed by migrants from the UK (8.3% growth), New Zealand (7.4% growth) and the Philippines (4.9% growth).

Nearly half of us are ‘first’ or ‘second’ generation Aussies

Migration has changed Australia’s cultural landscape. 26.3% of Australians are now born overseas (up from 24.6% in 2011). Australians are most likely to have had at least one parent born overseas (both parents Australian born has declined from 50.0% to 47.3%).

While most Australians (73%) speak only English at home, more than a fifth of Australians (21%) speak one of the 300 or more languages spoken across our nation. Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.2%), and Cantonese (1.2%) are the most commonly spoken languages.

The top places of birth of all Australians who were born outside of Australia are England (3.9%, down from 4.2% in 2011), New Zealand (constant at 2.2%), China (2.2%, up from 1.5% in 2011), India (1.9%, up from 1.4% in 2011) and the Philippines (1.0%, up from 0.8%). European migrants tend to be much older than Asian born migrants, who are more likely to have come in recent years and are therefore younger.

Not only growing, but ageing

Australia has developed a middle-age spread as our population is ageing. As the proportion of the population aged over 50 has grown, the child and teenage population as a proportion has decreased. Those aged 65+ now represent 16% of the population (up from 14% in 2011). In Tasmania, Australia’s oldest state, almost one in five residents are aged 65 or older. Since 2011, the median age of an Australian has increased from 37 to 38.

Rise in single households

Since 2011, family households have declined in their proportion of all households (71.3% down from 71.5%), while single parent households have risen (from 24.3% to 24.4%), along with group households (from 4.1% to 4.3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased

Almost 650,000 individuals of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin were recorded in the Census, comprising 2.8% of our population nationally. This is an increase of 18% since 2011 and a doubling since 1996. More than 3 in 5 of Australia’s recorded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lives in New South Wales (33%) and Queensland (29%).

‘No religion’ the largest category of religion for the first time

Australia remains a predominantly religious country, with 60% reporting religious affiliation. More than half of Australians affiliate with Christianity (52%, down from 61% in the 2011 Census) while those who adhere to other religions (8%) has remained constant.

Islam (2.6%, increasing from 2.2% in 2011), Buddhism (2.4%; decreasing from 2.5%), Hinduism (1.9%; increasing from 1.3%), Sikhism (0.5%; increasing from 0.3%), and Judaism (0.4%; decreasing from 0.5%) are Australia’s largest ‘other’ religions.

‘No religion’ is now the single largest religious affiliation at 29.6% (larger than the most prominent Christian affiliation of Catholic at 22.6%), up from 21.8% in 2011.

Growing cost of living pressures in capital cities

Average household weekly incomes increased by 16.5%, from $1,234 in 2011 to 1,438. However, over the same period, median weekly rents increased by 17.5% (from $285 to $335 today). Median rent is highest in Sydney ($440/week) and Darwin ($420/week).

The proportion of Australians renting has increased to 30.9% (up from 29.6% in 2011), while 34.5% own their home with a mortgage (down from 34.9%) and 31% own outright (down from 32.1%).

Median mortgage repayments are highest in Sydney, Darwin, and Canberra, where mortgage repayments are well over $2,000 per month. Perth, Sydney & Melbourne have the highest proportion of mortgage holders who spend more than 30% of their income on their mortgage.

More than 1 in 5 Sydneysiders face ‘rental stress’ or ‘mortgage stress’

The housing crisis is greatest in Australia’s largest city. 8% of Sydneysiders face mortgage stress (paying more than 30% of their pre-tax income on their mortgage), and a further 14% face rental stress (paying more than 30% of their income to the landlord). Combined, 22% of Sydneysiders face significant housing affordability challenges.

Car ownership up

The proportion of households with no motor vehicles declined from 8.6% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2016. The proportion of households with two or more vehicles increased from 52.6% to 54.3%. While internet connections from home have increased since 2011, 14.1% of Australian households still do not access the internet from their dwelling.

Contact

For media commentary from our media team, please contact Kimberley Linco – kim@mccrindle.com.au or 02 8824 3422

Census Update - In the media

Thursday, April 13, 2017

The Australian Census has been conducted every 5 years since 1911, and is the biggest democratic activity in Australia. While the election last year counted 14 million votes, the 2016 Census includes every household, age group, resident and visitor – all 24 million of us.

Here’s everything you need to know about the preliminary Census results, painting a picture of our changing nation.

WHO IS THE TYPICAL AUSSIE?

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

HOW IS AUSTRALIA CHANGING?

We are ageing

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016).

We are culturally diverse

Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas. In NSW, China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas and in VIC the top country for residents born overseas is India.

Owning a home outright is not as common anymore

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

McCrindle In the media

Mark McCrindle on The Daily Edition

Eliane Miles on SBS News

Mark McCrindle on Seven News

McCrindle In the media





Latest Census Results: The 'Typical Aussie'

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

As demographers and social researchers there are a few calendar events that cause for celebration. Among them include population milestones, special data set releases and, of course, the Census.

The preliminary results from the 2016 Census, released this morning, show a picture of a changing Australia. 

We now have a clearer picture of the ‘typical’ Australian

The typical Australian is a 38 year-old Gen X woman, born in 1979, who can expect to live past the age of 85. She is married with two children and lives in one of Australia’s capital city (like 3 in 5 Australians), which is worth $825,980 and which she owns with a mortgage. She has $427,847 equity in their home, which is the bulk of her wealth. She works full-time and gets to work by car, along with 69% of all commuters.

We also have a picture of a changing Australia

Evidence of an ageing Australia

The median age of Australians has increased from 37 to 38 (from the 2011 to the 2016 Census). Queensland has shown a strong leap in ageing (from 36 to 38), as has the Northern Territory (from a median age of 31 in 2011 to 34 in 2016). The median age is varied across Australia, with the youngest median age found in the NT (34) while the oldest median age is found in Tasmania (42).

Cultural Diversity – Growth in non-Anglo country of birth

  • Three states (NSW, VIC, and WA) now feature their ‘typical’ resident as a person who has at least one parent born overseas.
  • In NSW: China is now the top country of birth for residents born overseas, surpassing England since the 2011 Census.
  • In VIC: The top country for residents born overseas is India, which has surpassed England since the 2011 Census. A decade ago (2006) the top countries of birth for residents born overseas didn’t include India (They were England, Italy, New Zealand and Vietnam).

Housing affordability and home ownership

The typical person across all of the states and territories now no longer owns a home outright, but with a mortgage. Only NSW and TAS feature the typical person who owns a home outright, and in the NT, the typical person is renting their home.

Was #censusfail real?

No – despite some hiccups on 9 August 2016, the numbers show that the data is robust and up to the best-practice quality of previous census'.

  • 96% of Australians completed the Census (just slightly lower than in 2011, and higher than the required 93% for census quality data).
  • Just 11,000 refused to fill out the Census (lower than 13,000 who refused in 2011).
  • 58% completed the Census online (against an expected 65%) – yet this is twice the number from 2011

What's next?

Today's snapshot is just the start of the Census data release. On June 27, the official Census datasets will be released, with further data coming out in July, October and the final data to be released in early 2018.

The good news is that after discussions to relegate the Census to every ten years, the once-every-five-year Census is here to stay..
So it will all be on again on Tuesday 10 August 2021!


For any media enquiries please contact Kimberley Linco at kim@mccrindle.com.au, or call our offices on +61 2 8824 3422.



Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

bondi school students media release System's Architect emerging technologies speakers social change ashley fell innovative learning sydney metro cars data visualisation Black Friday in Australia census data local communities Skilling commuters work home ownership the lucky country public holiday women entrepreneur easy rider Assistant Store Manager Australians baby names australia report careers youth greatness SMART australian real estate family future proofing faux-cilise australians staying home more criminal trend weather motivate menai in depth interviews australian social researchers spend TDE suburban living budget moreton bay employmer owning a home children Adelaide new office professional development Hornsby Shire Council McCridle research data grave decision insight 40 million families area James Ward energy Duchess of Cambridge entrepreneurial not for profit Sydney renting Australian community trends acf15 What is food insecurity? salary belief 2013 fresh 2012 2016 define leadership social analyst optimistic future of shopping daily commute local community fears investing divorce rate Australian Families chairty award winner intern long weekend goals mentor global generations sentiments darwin the average aussie gold coast live the dream engagement wage seasons Australian Trends English Vocational education sector wide 24 million not for profit research child care education future cash millionth research services SMSF Mount Annan-Currant Hill rise of local kate middleton optus Maxim Accounting charity office space financial community engagement Do It Yourself market research city TEDx micro EFF cartodb 1975 Hunter Valley Australia street sydney hills urban living index communities Willowdale social commentator millenials quote food bank Performance Sentiment Index Wodonga debate research on coffee research report volunteering baby names professional house story perth brand poor growth population suburbs population milestone personal growth skills eliane miles hopes house price goal curiosity australian communities trends report population growth mccrindle hornsby staying in future proof australia office mortgage holidays finance cica REIV National Conference mccrindle research Channel 7 Word Up hello fresh socialites slideshare car visualisation sydney event Res Vis future-proof anzac teacher focus groups housing trends mining boom visual huffington post capital cities Jura Coffee culturally diverse Bathburst marriages equip hobart volunteers urban taskforce Real Estate Institute of Victoria casual logan global retail royal influence affordable VET sector environmental scanning jobs of the future church waverton McCrindle Speakers happiness qualitative research wealth world youth day low density dessert sunburnt country Lower Hunter google for education cultural diveristy ageing population collaboration 2017 buildings dream 2016 census consumer storytelling gen alpha organisations professional speaker in the media research pack professional presenters ferry high density apartments sydney speaker Black Friday celebration media NEETs local etiquette Cobbitty-Leppington thought leadership social social trends research Australia Day media commentary newspaper census lifestyle trends analyst 10 years Financial Planning Association of Australia social media data analyst forecast bus Real Estate couple builders baby name eliane event generation Z purpose data learn alpha baby renter of the future sydneycity cancelling event volunteering data technology presentation Australian schools dare to dream australian communities forum home shopping centre Lower Hunter Region life average sydneysider community giving Valentine’s Day trends of 2016 workplace Australian Population capital city outsourcing the changing face of study vegetarian income medicine McCrindle Keynote Speakers government teach conference presentation investor food mccrindle tea Gen X younger generations Work place holiday Sydney’s south west ACF2017 snapshot infographics Mark McCrindle employers affordability financial future daily telegraph young australians school satisfaction IT Specialists real grandparents TED work-life Gen Z Expert identity christmas JOMO donation Sydney keynote speaker interactive food insecurity megatrends household Queensland changing face of sydney sustainable case study unemployment financial dreams Christmas presents donate moderators guide Andrew Duffin analysis mother's day paying to work relational statistics The Daily Edition Social Trend impact world trends recap commute social impact financial fears Charlotte mythbusting national wealth land of the middle class South Australia average aussie year 7 optus my business awards not-for-profit SA university cultural diversity deloitte Wagga Wagga ultimo property price screenage cancel plans VET economic Caregiver apartment woolworths australian community trends report rising house prices experience who is generation z ageing Scouts VIC Merry Christmas increasing densification conference speaker state narcissism money The ABC of XYZ year 12 speajer father's day workshop aussie culture Deaths young people Tuesday Trends survey design tertiary education schools infographic wall future of work Crime Rates population map shopper's pick small business personalities jobs marketing Christmas season sports Love baby name predictions future of education demographer financial independence unaffordable trends of 2017 Macquarie University forum online youth unemployment students winter blues group social shifts global collaborative poker master Melbourne social researcher ethnography social research mateship authenticity internships rich New Zealand sun charities challenge February 16 GPO university degree emerging trends graphs earning annual income career events supply and demand friendship futurist census results stats safe communications Financial Planning Association households states "know the times" investment baby name trends pyrmont Elderslie-Harrington park NBRS healthy future dreams gig economy meals travelling employment twentyseventeen education research demographic transformations follow Australian Dream training business index economy TEDx Speaker mccrindle in the media infographic Engineering Manager overcast resilience monarchy shopping high density living weekly earnings nfp toys baby boomers sydneysiders Northern Beaches priorities work from home neutral bay Australian communities teachers entertainment Financial Planning Week Canberra coffee earn generations litter baby boom NFP event house price rise national crime rates demographics speakers pack proactive January 26th wellbeing men generation alpha society summer home owner CPI research visualisation Australia Day 2017 CBD McCrindle Speaker repayments sunny days workforce growth of sydney new york times 2016 census results the great screenage TED talk faux-cilising wealth inequality global financial crisis Australian Bureau of Statistics facts high school google customer census fail lalor park care support 24,000,000 culture train clothing crime Research Director media activity marriage shifts transport organisational culture generation resource conferences online shopping social lives Australian Home wealth distribution New South Wales Generation Y keynote speaker Northern Beaches Christian School DIY travel selfie relevant TAS gig rain friends news contiki breakfast tea sydneysider showreel brands Sydney Hills Business Chamber aged care puzzle social issues public speaking internet typical australian tableau forecasting emerging generations trend tuesday average Australian Mark McCrindle in the media housing growth digital economy Netflix tv ashley mckenzie dreaming blaxland urban housing affordability millennials Tuesday Trend demographic national private wealth publication social analysis keynote World Water Day learner Territory ipswich wedding tips the australian dream rent vegemite ease of travel cancelling plans prince george consumerism coffee lovers cost offenders housing NBRS Architecture results leader Australian Census property pharmacies demography cloudy days Myth crows nest debt product 1994 video US urban living FPA hills Queensland: QLD responsive baby names report tattoos omnibus Northern Territory society trends royal family researcher brisbane balance norwest school spirituality NSW stay home Channel Seven demographic trends rule keeper mover and shaker ACF 2016 water digital social commentary high density apartments Sydney population retirement gen z trades HSC New Zeland rental stress easter property market professional services living Christchurch marrickville survey wealth and income distribution ACT Report leadership workshop hunger Kiwi Generation X suburb schools students Western Australia community event plans politics brand experience parents victoria Geoff Brailey parenting Jura Australia Tasmania 1968 Aussies social enquiry religion conference Northern beaches Event christianity tuesday ABS future Wellington earnings generational trends winter 1980 potts point village middle class Australian demographics mythbusters WA click staff Australian Communities Trends faith commuting work mates the hills shire cold wages group session ACF wolloomooloo speaker language wealth and income thrive Gen Y networking SRE 2014 choice workers education sector growing population change social life learning styles australian social research 2015 the hills Aussie focus group Black Friday Sales ACF17 insights educated #censusfail Business analysis socialising cost of living Kirsten Brewer non profit student public speaker Christmas lunch know the times volunteer teaching PSI going out sector wide study 23 million environment faux-ciliser education future report cooking business performance Births housing market bureau aged care communication teleworking workplace culture house prices FOMO engage pharmacy internship report divorce business mccrinlde award DESTEL post rationalism residents Retail manly educhat royal baby panel education Population Clock innovation screenagers townhouses presentations list financial planning royal program entrepreneurs of today mobile ACT gender domestic meetings census 2016 office opening REIV Conference princess charlotte Hills Shire Council geomapping Royals public transport sector names ideas employmee NT participants Education Future Forum 2020 christian hills shire micro apartments communicate Research Executive shbc

Archive